Role of calcium influx and intracellular calcium stores in angiotensin II-mediated calcium hyper-responsiveness in smooth muscle from spontaneously hypertensive rats

Touyz, R.M. and Schiffrin, E.L. (1997) Role of calcium influx and intracellular calcium stores in angiotensin II-mediated calcium hyper-responsiveness in smooth muscle from spontaneously hypertensive rats. Journal of Hypertension, 15(2), pp. 1431-1439.

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Publisher's URL: http://journals.lww.com/jhypertension/toc/1997/15120

Abstract

<p>OBJECTIVE: To investigate post-receptor mechanisms that underlie enhanced angiotensin II (Ang II)-stimulated cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) responses in vascular smooth muscle cells from small arteries of SHR.</p> <p>METHODS: To determine whether Ca2+ influx is altered in SHR, effects of Ca2+ channel antagonists (nitrendipine and diltiazem) and depletion of extracellular Ca2+ on Ang II-stimulated [Ca2+]i responses in primary cultured unpassaged vascular smooth muscle cells from mesenteric arteries of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), Wistar and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats aged 17 weeks were studied. To assess whether Ca2+ stores contribute to increases in Ang II-stimulated Ca2+ mobilization and [Ca2+]i in SHR, cells were exposed to thapsigargin, a selective reticular Ca2+-ATPase inhibitor. [Ca2+]i was measured by fura-2 methodology.</p> <p>RESULTS: Basal and 1 nmol/l Ang II-stimulated [Ca2+]i were significantly greater in SHR cells (123 +/- 7.1 nmol/l basal; 268 +/- 7.0 nmol/l stimulated) than they were in those from WKY rats (88 +/- 4.8 nmol/l basal; 221 +/- 8.6 nmol/l stimulated) and Wistar rats (85 +/- 3.0 nmol/l basal; 216 +/- 8.3 nmol/l stimulated). In Ca2+-free medium, basal and Ang II-induced [Ca2+]i were reduced in all groups, but Ang II-stimulated [Ca2+]i responses were still significantly enhanced in SHR cells compared with those in Wistar and WKY rat cells (205 +/- 11.2 versus 173 +/- 8.0 and 161 +/- 2.6 nmol/l, respectively). Administrations of 10(-6) mol/l diltiazem and 10(-7) mol/l nitrendipine decreased Ang II-elicited [Ca2+]i responses and normalized basal [Ca2+]i in SHR cells. The inhibition induced by Ca2+ channel antagonists was greater (P < 0.05) in WKY and Wistar rat cells than it was in those from SHR. Administration of thapsigargin, in Ca2+-free buffer, induced a greater (P < 0.05) dose-dependent [Ca2+]i increase in SHR cells than it did in WKY rat cells. Administration of 1 nmol/l Ang II increased [Ca2+]i in thapsigargin-pretreated cells of SHR but not in those of WKY rats.</p> <p>CONCLUSION: Different mechanisms contribute to increases in basal and Ang II-stimulated [Ca2+]i responses in vascular smooth muscle cells from small arteries of SHR, which contribute to elevated peripheral resistance in hypertension. Increases in basal [Ca2+]i may be partly due to augmentation of Ca2+ influx, whereas Ang II-induced [Ca2+]i hyper-responsiveness might depend primarily on Ca2+ mobilization rather than on influx of extracellular Ca2+.</p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Touyz, R.M., and Schiffrin, E.L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Hypertension
ISSN:0263-6352
ISSN (Online):1473-5598

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