Cardiac type-1 angiotensin II receptor status in deoxycorticosterone acetate salt hypertension in rats

Fareh, J., Touyz, R.M. , Schiffrin, E.L. and Thibault, G. (1997) Cardiac type-1 angiotensin II receptor status in deoxycorticosterone acetate salt hypertension in rats. Hypertension, 30(5), pp. 1253-1259. (doi: 10.1161/01.HYP.30.5.1253)

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The regulation of angiotensin II (Ang II) receptors and Ang II–induced modulation of intracellular Ca2+ concentration in cardiac cells from hearts of experimentally induced hypertensive deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)–salt and control unilaterally nephrectomized (Uni-Nx) Sprague-Dawley rats was assessed. Ang II receptor density and intracellular Ca2+ concentration measurements were examined in adult ventricular myocytes and fibroblasts by radioligand binding assay and digital imaging using fura 2 methodology, respectively. Four-week DOCA-salt treatment induced hypertension associated with cardiac hypertrophy. Ang II binding studies demonstrated that adult ventricular myocytes and fibroblasts possess mainly the AT1 subtype receptor. Moreover, DOCA-salt hypertension was associated with a 1.8-fold increase in Ang II–specific binding compared with myocytes from Uni-Nx control rats. Intracellular Ca2+ responses induced by increasing Ang II concentrations (10−12 to 10−4 mol/L) were significantly enhanced in cardiomyocytes from DOCA-salt rats. The effects of Ang II on intracellular Ca2+ spike frequency were unaltered in cardiomyocytes from DOCA-salt–hypertensive rats. The density of AT1 subtype receptors was not modified in ventricular fibroblasts after DOCA-salt treatment. Ang II increased intracellular Ca2+ concentration similarly in ventricular fibroblasts from normal and hypertensive rats. In conclusion, DOCA-salt hypertension is characterized by an increased AT1 receptor density and intracellular calcium responses in ventricular myocytes, whereas in ventricular fibroblasts the AT1 receptor status is unaltered. These findings report for the first time the cardiac cell–specific implication of Ang II and the intracellular calcium signaling pathway stimulated by the AT1 receptor in cardiac hypertrophy in DOCA-salt–hypertensive rats.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Fareh, J., Touyz, R.M., Schiffrin, E.L., and Thibault, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Hypertension
Publisher:American Heart Association
ISSN (Online):1524-4563

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