Modulation of Ca2+ transients in neonatal and adult rat cardiomyocytes by endothelin-1

Touyz, R.M. , Fareh, J., Thibault, G., Larivière, R. and Schiffrin, E.L. (1995) Modulation of Ca2+ transients in neonatal and adult rat cardiomyocytes by endothelin-1. In: Fourth International Conference on Endothelin, London, UK, 23-26 Apr 1995, S297-S299.

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Endothelin-1 (ET-1) may exert inotropic and chronotropic effects in cardiac muscle by modulating intracellular Ca2+. This study assesses effects of ET-1 on intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+ ];) in neonatal and adult rat cardiomyocytes. [Ca2+ ]i was measured by Fura 2 methodology. ET receptor subtypes were determined by binding studies. ET-1 increased neonatal and adult [Ca2+ ]; and spike frequency in a dose-dependent manner. It decreased [Ca2+ ]; amplitude in neonatal cardiomyocytes but had no effect on [Ca2+ ]i amplitude in adult cells. The ETA receptor antagonist BQ-123 reduced ET-1-induced responses and the ETB receptor agonist IRL-1620 increased [Ca2+ ];. ET-1 binding studies demonstrated 85% displacement by BQ-123 and 15% by the ETB receptor agonist sarafotoxin S6c, suggesting a predominance of ETA receptors. These data demonstrate that in neonatal and adult cardiomyocytes ET-1 has stimulatory effects on [Ca2+ ]; which are mediated predominantly via ETA receptors. Therefore, ET-1 may influence cardiac development and function.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Touyz, R.M., Fareh, J., Thibault, G., Larivière, R., and Schiffrin, E.L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences

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