Deoxycorticosterone acetate plus salt induces overexpression of vascular endothelin-1 and severe vascular hypertrophy in spontaneously hypertensive rats

Schiffrin, E.L., Larivière, R., Li, J.S., Sventek, P. and Touyz, R.M. (1995) Deoxycorticosterone acetate plus salt induces overexpression of vascular endothelin-1 and severe vascular hypertrophy in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Hypertension, 25(4), pp. 769-773. (doi: 10.1161/​01.HYP.25.4.769)

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Abstract

Endothelin-1 gene expression is enhanced in the aorta and mesenteric arteries, and possibly other vessels, of deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)–salt hypertensive rats. In contrast, endothelin-1 gene expression is normal or reduced in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Severe vascular hypertrophy is present in DOCA-salt hypertensive rats but not in SHR. In this study we investigated whether treatment of SHR with DOCA and salt would result in enhanced endothelin-1 expression and at the same time in severe vascular hypertrophy. Increased abundance of endothelin-1 mRNA was found in the aorta and the mesenteric arterial bed of SHR treated simultaneously with DOCA and salt but not when rats were treated with either separately. The wet weight of the aorta and of the mesenteric arterial bed, media thickness, media cross-sectional area, and media-to-lumen ratio of mesenteric small arteries of DOCA- salt–treated SHR were exaggerated beyond what could be explained by the elevation of blood pressure, relative to SHR treated with salt or with DOCA, which did not overexpress vascular endothelin-1. In conclusion, SHR may exhibit enhanced expression of the endothelin-1 gene in blood vessels when treated with DOCA and salt, and associated with this there is severe vascular hypertrophy. These data support the hypothesis of a role of endothelin-1 in vascular hypertrophy.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Schiffrin, E.L., Larivière, R., Li, J.S., Sventek, P., and Touyz, R.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Hypertension
Publisher:American Heart Association
ISSN:0194-911X
ISSN (Online):1524-4563

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