Altered cations and muscle membrane ATPase activity in deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt spontaneously hypertensive rats

Touyz, R.M. , Milne, F.J. and Marshall, P.R. (1991) Altered cations and muscle membrane ATPase activity in deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt spontaneously hypertensive rats. Journal of Hypertension, 9(8), pp. 737-750.

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Publisher's URL: http://journals.lww.com/jhypertension/Abstract/1991/08000/Altered_cations_and_muscle_membrane_ATPase.7.aspx

Abstract

The role of ions and cell membrane function in the pathogenesis of benign and malignant hypertension was investigated in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Ten-week-old male SHR (n = 50) and SHR treated with deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA; n = 70) and 1% NaCl drinking water were studied weekly for 14 weeks. Malignant hypertension developed only in DOCA-salt SHR and was characterised by severe hypertension, failure to thrive and renal fibrinoid necrosis. Fourteen DOCA-salt SHR and one SHR died. Extracellular (serum) and intracellular (erythrocyte and muscle) Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+ and muscle membrane Na+,K(+)-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase), Ca(2+)-ATPase and Mg(2+)-ATPase were measured at various stages in the development of malignant hypertension. Three developmental phases were defined: benign, premalignant and malignant. DOCA-salt SHR showed persistent hypokalaemia. In the benign phase, there were no differences in Na+, Mg2+ and Ca2+ between SHR and DOCA-salt SHR. In the premalignant phase, serum and erythrocyte Mg2+ and ATPase activity were significantly lower in DOCA-salt SHR compared with SHR. During the late premalignant and malignant phases, intracellular Ca2+ and Na+ were significantly higher in the DOCA-salt SHR compared with SHR. In view of these findings, the abnormalities in DOCA-salt SHR during the early phases of blood pressure elevation could be contributory factors to the development of malignant hypertension.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Touyz, R.M., Milne, F.J., and Marshall, P.R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Hypertension
ISSN:0263-6352
ISSN (Online):1473-5598

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