On the kinetics of melting and crystallization of poly(l-lactic acid) by TMDSC

Salmerón-Sánchez, M. , Gómez Ribelles, J.L., Hernández Sánchez, F. and Mano, J.F. (2005) On the kinetics of melting and crystallization of poly(l-lactic acid) by TMDSC. Thermochimica Acta, 430(1-2), pp. 201-210. (doi:10.1016/j.tca.2005.01.066)

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The crystallization and melting process of poly(l-lactic acid), PLLA, is investigated by temperature modulated differential scanning calorimetry, TMDSC. The sample is cooled from the melt to different temperatures and the crystallization process is followed by subjecting the material to a modulated quasi-isothermal stage. From the average component of the heat flow and the application of the Lauritzen–Hoffman theory two crystallization regimes are identified with a transition temperature around 118 °C. Besides, the oscillating heat flow allows calculating the crystal growth rate via the model proposed by Toda et al., what gives, in addition, an independent determination of the transition temperature from modulated experiments. Further, the kinetics of melting is studied by modulated heating scans at different frequencies. A strong frequency dependence is found both in the real and imaginary part of the complex heat capacity in the transition region. The kinetic response of the material to the temperature modulation is analyzed with the model proposed by Toda et al. Finally, step-wise quasi-isothermal TMDSC was used to investigate the reversible surface crystallization and melting both on cooling and heating and a small excess heat capacity is observed.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Salmeron-Sanchez, Professor Manuel
Authors: Salmerón-Sánchez, M., Gómez Ribelles, J.L., Hernández Sánchez, F., and Mano, J.F.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
Journal Name:Thermochimica Acta
ISSN (Online):1872-762X
Published Online:02 March 2005

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