Effect of intraoperative fluid optimisation on renal function in patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery; a randomised controlled pilot study (ISRCTN 11799696) Fluid optimisation for emergency surgery

Harten, J., Crozier, J.E.M., McCreath, B., Hay, A., McMillan, D.C., McArdle, C.S. and Kinsella, J. (2008) Effect of intraoperative fluid optimisation on renal function in patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery; a randomised controlled pilot study (ISRCTN 11799696) Fluid optimisation for emergency surgery. International Journal of Surgery, 6(3), pp. 197-204. (doi:10.1016/j.ijsu.2008.03.002)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2008.03.002

Abstract

<b>Background:</b> Emergency abdominal surgery carries a high risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Goal directed therapy has been advocated to improve outcome in high-risk surgery. The aim of the present pilot study was to examine the effect of goal directed therapy using fluid alone on postoperative renal function and organ failure score in patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery. <b>Methods:</b> This prospective randomised pilot study included patients over the age of 50 undergoing emergency abdominal surgery. In the intervention group pulse pressure variation measurements were used to guide fluid boluses of 6% Hydroxyethylstarch 130/0.4. The control group received standard care. Serum urea, creatinine and cystatin C levels were measured prior to and at the end of surgery and postoperatively on day 1, day 3 and day 5. <b>Results:</b> Thirty patients were recruited. One patient died prior to surgery and was excluded from the analysis. The intervention group received a median of 750ml of hydroxyethylstarch. The peak values of postoperative urea were 6.9 (2.7–31.8) vs. 6.4 (3.5–11.5)mmol/l (p=0.425), creatinine 100 (60–300) vs. 85 (65–150) μmol/l (p=0.085) and cystatin C 1.09 (0.66–4.94) vs. 1.01 (0.33–2.29)mg/dl (p=0.352) in the control and intervention group, respectively. <b>Conclusions:</b> In the present pilot study replacing the identified fluid deficit was not associated with a change in renal function. These results do not preclude that goal directed therapy using fluid alone may have an effect on renal function but they would suggest that the effect size of fluid optimisation alone on renal function is small.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Harten, Dr Johann and Kinsella, Professor John and McMillan, Professor Donald
Authors: Harten, J., Crozier, J.E.M., McCreath, B., Hay, A., McMillan, D.C., McArdle, C.S., and Kinsella, J.
Subjects:R Medicine > RD Surgery
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Clinical Specialities
Journal Name:International Journal of Surgery
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1743-9191
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2009 Elsevier
First Published:First published in International Journal of Surgery 6(3):197-204
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

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