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Publisher's URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/119175627/abstract
Topaz granite is alkali-feldspar granite that contains essential albite, quartz, K-feldspar, lithium-mica, and topaz. As a group topaz granites are characterized by their extreme enrichment in F (up to 3 wt%) and a wide variety of lithophile elements. They can be subdivided into a 'low-P2O5 subtype' (P2O5 < 0.1 wt%, Al2O3 < 14.5 wt%, SiO2 > 73 wt%) and a 'high-P2O5 subtype' (P2O5 > 0.4 wt%, Al2O3 > 14.5 wt%, SiO2 < 73 wt%), the δ18O values of which indicate a dichotomy of source rock: the low-P2O5 subtype (δ18O < 10‰) having a meta-igneous protolith and the high-P2O5 subtype (δ18O > 10‰) a source with a significant component of pelitic material. The unusually high F contents enhance the efficacy of melt segregation and crystal-melt fractionation and so facilitate extreme differentiation in topaz granite magmas. Very low melt volumes restrict the bulk composition of the partial melts regardless of the nature of the source; and extreme fractionation forces them along a path of magmatic convergence, to produce a group of granitic rocks with near-minimum compositions so enriched in a variety of lithophile elements (Li, Nb, Ta, Sn) that economic mineralization often results.
|Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:||Fallick, Professor Anthony|
|Authors:||Taylor, R.P., and Fallick, A.E.|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QE Geology|
|College/School:||College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre|
|Journal Name:||Terra Nova|
|Publisher:||Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.|
|Published Online:||25 November 2003|