The impact of experimentally elevated energy expenditure on oxidative stress and lifespan in the short-tailed field vole microtus agrestis

Selman, C. , McLaren, J.S., Collins, A.R., Duthie, G.G. and Speakman, J.R. (2008) The impact of experimentally elevated energy expenditure on oxidative stress and lifespan in the short-tailed field vole microtus agrestis. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, 275(1645), pp. 1907-1916. (doi: 10.1098/rspb.2008.0355)

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Abstract

Life-history theory assumes that animal life histories are a consequence of trade-offs between current activities and future reproductive performance or survival, because resource supply is limited. Empirical evidence for such trade-offs in the wild are common, yet investigations of the underlying mechanisms are rare. Life-history trade-offs may have both physiological and ecological mediated costs. One hypothesized physiological mechanism is that elevated energy metabolism may increase reactive oxygen species production, leading to somatic damage and thus compromising future survival. We investigated the impact of experimentally elevated energy expenditure on oxidative damage, protection and lifespan in short-tailed field voles (Microtus agrestis) maintained in captivity to remove any confounding ecological factor effects. Energy expenditure was elevated via lifelong cold exposure (7±2°C), relative to siblings in the warm (22±2°C). No treatment effect on cumulative mortality risk was observed, with negligible effects on oxidative stress and antioxidant protection. These data suggest that in captive animals physiologically mediated costs on life history do not result from increased energy expenditure and consequent elevations in oxidative stress and reduced survival.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Selman, Professor Colin
Authors: Selman, C., McLaren, J.S., Collins, A.R., Duthie, G.G., and Speakman, J.R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Journal Name:Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences
Publisher:The Royal Society
ISSN:0962-8452
ISSN (Online):1471-2954

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