The evolution of alkaline, saline ground- and surface waters in the southern Siberian steppes

Banks, D. , Parnachev, V.P., Frengstad, B., Holden, W., Karnachuk, O.V. and Vedernikov, A.A. (2004) The evolution of alkaline, saline ground- and surface waters in the southern Siberian steppes. Applied Geochemistry, 19(12), pp. 1905-1926. (doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2004.05.009)

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Abstract

Groundwaters, river and lake waters have been sampled from the semi-arid Siberian Republic of Khakassia. Despite the relatively sparse data set, from a diversity of hydrological environments, clear salinity-related trends emerge that indicate the main hydrochemical evolutionary processes active in the region. Furthermore, the major ion chemistry of the evolution of groundwater baseflow, via rivers, to terminal saline lake water, can be adequately and simply modelled (using PHREEQCI) by invoking: (i) degassing of CO2 from groundwater as it emerges as baseflow in rivers (rise in pH); (ii) progressive evapoconcentration of waters (parallel accumulation of Cl−, Na+, SO42−, and increase in pH due to common ion effect); and (iii) precipitation of calcite (depletion of Ca from waters, reduced rate of accumulation of alkalinity). Dolomite precipitation is ineffective at constraining Mg accumulation, due to kinetic factors. Silica saturation appears to control dissolved Si in low salinity waters and groundwaters, while sepiolite saturation and precipitation depletes Si from the more saline surface waters. Gypsum and sodium sulphate saturation are only approached in the most saline environments. Halite remains unsaturated in all waters. Sulphate reduction processes are important in the lower part of lakes.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Banks, Mr David
Authors: Banks, D., Parnachev, V.P., Frengstad, B., Holden, W., Karnachuk, O.V., and Vedernikov, A.A.
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QE Geology
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Applied Geochemistry
ISSN:0883-2927

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