The peritoneal tumour microenvironment of high-grade serous ovarian cancer

Leinster, D.A. et al. (2012) The peritoneal tumour microenvironment of high-grade serous ovarian cancer. Journal of Pathology, 227(2), pp. 136-145. (doi: 10.1002/path.4002)

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Abstract

High-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) disseminates early and extensively throughout the peritoneal space, causing multiple lesions that are a major clinical problem. The aim of this study was to investigate the cellular composition of peritoneal tumour deposits in patient biopsies and their evolution in mouse models using immunohistochemistry, intravital microscopy, confocal microscopy, and 3D modelling. Tumour deposits from the omentum of HGSC patients contained a prominent leukocyte infiltrate of CD3(+) T cells and CD68(+) macrophages, with occasional neutrophils. Alpha-smooth muscle actin(+) (α-SMA(+) ) pericytes and/or fibroblasts surrounded these well-vascularized tumour deposits. Using the murine bowel mesentery as an accessible mouse peritoneal tissue that could be easily imaged, and two different transplantable models, we found multiple microscopic tumour deposits after i.p. injection of malignant cells. Attachment to the peritoneal surface was rapid (6-48 h) with an extensive CD45(+) leukocyte infiltrate visible by 48 h. This infiltrate persisted until end point and in the syngeneic murine ID8 model, it primarily consisted of CD3(+) T lymphocytes and CD68(+) macrophages with α-SMA(+) cells also involved from the earliest stages. A majority of tumour deposits developed above existing mesenteric blood vessels, but in avascular spaces new blood vessels tracked towards the tumour deposits by 2-3 weeks in the IGROV-1 xenografts and 6 weeks in the ID8 syngeneic model; a vigorous convoluted blood supply was established by end point. Inhibition of tumour cell cytokine production by stable expression of shRNA to CXCR4 in IGROV-1 cells did not influence the attachment of cells to the mesentery but delayed neovascularization and reduced tumour deposit size. We conclude that the multiple peritoneal tumour deposits found in HGSC patients can be modelled in the mouse. The techniques described here may be useful for assessing treatments that target the disseminated stage of this disease.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mcneish, Professor Iain
Authors: Leinster, D.A., Kulbe, H., Everitt, G., Thompson, R., Perretti, M., Gavins, F.N.E., Cooper, D., Gould, D., Ennis, D.P., Lockley, M., Mcneish, I.A., Nourshargh, S., and Balkwill, F.R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Pathology
Publisher:John Wiley and Sons Ltd
ISSN:0022-3417
ISSN (Online):1096-9896
Published Online:18 April 2012
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2012 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland
First Published:First published in Journal of Pathology 27(2):136-145
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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