Evaluating pedestrian crashes in areas with high low-income or minority populations

Cottrill, C. and Thakuriah, P. (2010) Evaluating pedestrian crashes in areas with high low-income or minority populations. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 42(6), pp. 1718-1728. (doi:10.1016/j.aap.2010.04.012)

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Abstract

In this paper, we present an analysis of the relationship between pedestrian–vehicle crashes and characteristics of areas with high low-income and minority populations in the Chicago metropolitan area (also called environmental justice or EJ areas in the United States). While related research has indicated that pedestrian crashes occur more frequently in these areas than in non-EJ areas, this paper attempts to relate the incidence to environmental characteristics and behavioral factors through a better understanding of the contributing factors present in crash occurrences in EJ versus non-EJ areas. Specially constructed small-area factors from a Spatial Decision Support System (SDSS) are used to explain pedestrian–vehicle crashes. Using a Poisson model that corrects for underreporting, we find that pedestrian crash incidents in EJ areas are related to variables of exposure (including the suitability of the area for walking and transit accessibility), crime rates, transit availability, and general population demographics such as income and presence of children. Results suggest that it may be necessary to better incorporate a safety perspective or measures of safety improvements in pedestrian and transit improvements and expansion programs within EJ areas.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Pedestrian, crash, income, minority, crime, transit
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Thakuriah, Professor Piyushimita
Authors: Cottrill, C., and Thakuriah, P.
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies
Journal Name:Accident Analysis and Prevention
Journal Abbr.:AAP
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0001-4575
Published Online:01 January 2010

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