The growth benefits of aggressive behavior vary with individual metabolism and resource predictability

Hoogenboom, M.O., Armstrong, J.D., Groothuis, T.G.G. and Metcalfe, N.B. (2013) The growth benefits of aggressive behavior vary with individual metabolism and resource predictability. Behavioral Ecology, 24(1), pp. 253-261. (doi:10.1093/beheco/ars161)

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Abstract

Differences in behavioral responses to environmental conditions and biological interactions are a key determinant of individual performance. This study investigated how the availability and predictability of food resources modulates the growth of animals that adopt different behavioral strategies. Results show that, irrespective of the feeding regime, the growth of juvenile brown trout increased with the expression of active foraging behavior and, similarly, with increasing use of shelter. Conversely, territorial aggressive behavior only promoted growth when food resources were spatially and temporally predictable, and only for individuals that had high metabolic rates (when compared with their low metabolic rate siblings). Thus, this study shows that only certain behaviors are associated with variation in the physiology of individuals. Moreover, only certain behaviors associate differently with growth under different environmental conditions. These results are partially consistent with the hypothesis that environmental variability promotes the coexistence of alternative behavioral phenotypes. However, some behaviors enhanced growth irrespective of feeding regime, and we did not identify a set of conditions where fish with low resting metabolic rate (RMR) outperformed their high RMR siblings. Hence, additional layers of environmental variation are likely to be required for individuals with low RMR to show maximal growth performance.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hoogenboom, Ms Mia and Metcalfe, Professor Neil
Authors: Hoogenboom, M.O., Armstrong, J.D., Groothuis, T.G.G., and Metcalfe, N.B.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Journal Name:Behavioral Ecology
ISSN:1045-2249
Published Online:28 September 2012

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
529351Does poor maternal condition reduce early offspring performance in the wild?Neil MetcalfeNatural Environment Research Council (NERC)NE/H012125/1RI BIODIVERSITY ANIMAL HEALTH & COMPMED