Optimizing electronic standard cell libraries for variability tolerance through the nano-CMOS grid

Walker, A.W., Sinnott, R.O., Stewart, G., Hilder, J.A. and Tyrell, A.M. (2010) Optimizing electronic standard cell libraries for variability tolerance through the nano-CMOS grid. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 368(1925), pp. 3967-3981. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2010.0150)

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Abstract

The project Meeting the Design Challenges of nano-CMOS Electronics (http://www.nanocmos.ac.uk) was funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council to tackle the challenges facing the electronics industry caused by the decreasing scale of transistor devices, and the inherent variability that this exposes in devices and in the circuits and systems in which they are used. The project has developed a grid-based solution that supports the electronics design process, incorporating usage of large-scale high-performance computing (HPC) resources, data and metadata management and support for fine-grained security to protect commercially sensitive datasets. In this paper, we illustrate how the nano-CMOS (complementary metal oxide semiconductor) grid has been applied to optimize transistor dimensions within a standard cell library. The goal is to extract high-speed and low-power circuits which are more tolerant of the random fluctuations that will be prevalent in future technology nodes. Using statistically enhanced circuit simulation models based on three-dimensional atomistic device simulations, a genetic algorithm is presented that optimizes the device widths within a circuit using a multi-objective fitness function exploiting the nano-CMOS grid. The results show that the impact of threshold voltage variation can be reduced by optimizing transistor widths, and indicate that a similar method could be extended to the optimization of larger circuits.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Stewart, Dr Gordon and Sinnott, Professor Richard
Authors: Walker, A.W., Sinnott, R.O., Stewart, G., Hilder, J.A., and Tyrell, A.M.
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
College/School:University Services > IT Services > Computing Service
Journal Name:Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Publisher:Royal Society
ISSN:1364-503X
ISSN (Online):1471-2962

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