Genetic risk factors for ischaemic stroke and its subtypes (the METASTROKE Collaboration): a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies

Traylor, M. et al. (2012) Genetic risk factors for ischaemic stroke and its subtypes (the METASTROKE Collaboration): a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies. Lancet Neurology, 11(11), pp. 951-962. (doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(12)70234-X)

73626.pdf - Published Version



<p>Background - Various genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been done in ischaemic stroke, identifying a few loci associated with the disease, but sample sizes have been 3500 cases or less. We established the METASTROKE collaboration with the aim of validating associations from previous GWAS and identifying novel genetic associations through meta-analysis of GWAS datasets for ischaemic stroke and its subtypes.</p> <p>Methods - We meta-analysed data from 15 ischaemic stroke cohorts with a total of 12 389 individuals with ischaemic stroke and 62 004 controls, all of European ancestry. For the associations reaching genome-wide significance in METASTROKE, we did a further analysis, conditioning on the lead single nucleotide polymorphism in every associated region. Replication of novel suggestive signals was done in 13 347 cases and 29 083 controls.</p> <p>Findings - We verified previous associations for cardioembolic stroke near PITX2 (p=2·8×10−16) and ZFHX3 (p=2·28×10−8), and for large-vessel stroke at a 9p21 locus (p=3·32×10−5) and HDAC9 (p=2·03×10−12). Additionally, we verified that all associations were subtype specific. Conditional analysis in the three regions for which the associations reached genome-wide significance (PITX2, ZFHX3, and HDAC9) indicated that all the signal in each region could be attributed to one risk haplotype. We also identified 12 potentially novel loci at p<5×10−6. However, we were unable to replicate any of these novel associations in the replication cohort.</p> <p>Interpretation - Our results show that, although genetic variants can be detected in patients with ischaemic stroke when compared with controls, all associations we were able to confirm are specific to a stroke subtype. This finding has two implications. First, to maximise success of genetic studies in ischaemic stroke, detailed stroke subtyping is required. Second, different genetic pathophysiological mechanisms seem to be associated with different stroke subtypes.</p>

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Walters, Professor Matthew and Higgins, Dr Peter
Authors: Traylor, M., Farrall, M., Holliday, E.G., Sudlow, C., Hopewell, J.C., Cheng, Y.-C., Fornage, M., Ikram, M.A., Malik, R., Bevan, S., Thorsteinsdottir, U., Nalls, M.A., Longstreth, W.T., Wiggins, K.L., Yadav, S., Parati, E.A., DeStefano, A.L., Worrall, B.B., Kittner, S.J., Khan, M.S., Reiner, A.P., Helgadottir, A., Achterberg, S., Fernandez-Cadenas, I., Abboud, S., Schmidt, R., Walters, M., Chen, W.-M., Ringelstein, E.B., O'Donnell, M., Ho, W.K., Pera, J., Lemmens, R., Norrving, B., Higgins, P., Benn, M., Sale, M., Kuhlenbäumer, G., Doney, A.S.F., Vicente, A.M., Delavaran, H., Algra, A., Davies, G., Oliveira, S.A., Palmer, C.N.A., Deary, I., Schmidt, H., Pandolfo, M., Montaner, J., Carty, C., de Bakker, P.I.W., Kostulas, K., Ferro, J. M., van Zuydam, N.R., Valdimarsson, E., Nordestgaard, B.G., Lindgren, A., Thijs, V., Slowik, A., Saleheen, D., Paré, G., Berger, K., Thorleifsson, G., Hofman, A., Mosley, T.H., Mitchell, B.D., Furie, K., Clarke, R., Levi, C., Seshadri, S., Gschwendtner, A., Boncoraglio, G.B., Sharma, P., Bis, J.C., Gretarsdottir, S., Psaty, B.M., Rothwell, P.M., Rosand, J., Meschia, J.F., Stefansson, K., Dichgans, M., and Markus, H.S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Lancet Neurology
Publisher:The Lancet Publishing Group
Published Online:05 October 2012
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd
First Published:First published in Lancet Neurology 11(11):951-962
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record