A randomized trial of brief intervention strategies in patients with alcohol-related facial trauma as a result of interpersonal violence

Goodall, C. , Bowman, A. , Smith, I. and Ayoub, A. (2012) A randomized trial of brief intervention strategies in patients with alcohol-related facial trauma as a result of interpersonal violence. Addiction Science and Clinical Practice, 7, A66-A66. (doi:10.1186/1940-0640-7-S1-A66)

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Abstract

Facial trauma is associated with male gender, low socioeconomic status, alcohol misuse, and violence. Brief intervention (BI) for alcohol is effective at reducing consumption in patients presenting with facial trauma. Singlesession control of violence for angry impulsive drinkers(SS-COVAID) is a new intervention that attempts to address alcohol-related violence. This study assessed the effect of SS-COVAID and BI on drinking and aggression in facial trauma patients. Male facial trauma patients who sustained their injuries as a result of interpersonal violence while drinking and who had Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) scores of ≥8 were randomized to either BI or SS-COVAID. Patients were followed up at six and 12 months, and drinking and aggression outcomes were analyzed. One hundred ninety-nine patients entered the trial, and 187 were included in the analysis. Of these, 165 (89%) considered themselves to be victims, 92 (51%) had sustained a previous alcohol-related injury, and 28 (15%) had previous convictions for violence. Both interventions resulted in a significant decrease in negative drinking outcomes over 12 months of follow-up (p<0.001). Neither intervention had a significant effect on aggression scores, nor was there a significant difference between interventions in terms of either outcome. Both SS-COVAID and BI had a significant effect on drinking variables in this patient cohort. No effect on aggressionwas seen despite the fact that SS-COVAID specifically addresses the relationship between alcohol and violence. One reason for this may be that the facial trauma patients in this study considered themselves to be victims rather than aggressors. Another possibility is that, while BI may successfully address lifestyle factors such as hazardous or harmful drinking, it may not be effective in modifying personality traits such as aggression.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:From International Network on Brief Interventions for Alcohol and Other Drugs (INEBRIA) Meeting 2011. Boston, MA, USA. 21-23 September 2011
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ayoub, Professor Ashraf and Smith, Dr Iain and Bowman, Professor Adrian and Goodall, Dr Christine
Authors: Goodall, C., Bowman, A., Smith, I., and Ayoub, A.
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Research Group:Community Oral Health
Journal Name:Addiction Science and Clinical Practice
Publisher:BioMed Central Ltd
ISSN:1742-6405
ISSN (Online):1940-0640
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2012 The Authors
First Published:First published in Addiction Science and Clinical Practice 7:A66
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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