Circulating 250HD, dietary vitamin D, PTH, and calcium associations with incident cardiovascular disease and mortality: The MIDSPAN Family Study

Welsh, P. et al. (2012) Circulating 250HD, dietary vitamin D, PTH, and calcium associations with incident cardiovascular disease and mortality: The MIDSPAN Family Study. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 97(12), pp. 4578-4587. (doi:10.1210/jc.2012-2272)

[img]
Preview
Text
73434.pdf - Published Version

190kB

Abstract

<p>Context: Observational studies relating circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and dietary vitamin D intake to cardiovascular disease (CVD) have reported conflicting results.</p> <p>Objective: Our objective was to investigate the association of 25OHD, dietary vitamin D, PTH, and adjusted calcium with CVD and mortality in a Scottish cohort.</p> <p>Design and Setting: TheMIDSPAN Family Study is a prospective study of 1040 men and 1298 women from the West of Scotland recruited in 1996 and followed up for a median 14.4 yr. Participants: Locally resident adult offspring of a general population cohort were recruited from 1972–1976.</p> <p>Main Outcome Measures: CVD events (n = 416) and all-cause mortality (n=100) were evaluated.</p> <p>Results: 25OHD was measured using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in available plasma (n=2081). Median plasma 25OHD was 18.6 ng/ml, and median vitamin D intake was 3.2 µ g/d (128 IU/d). Vitamin D deficiency (25OHD<15 ng/ml) was present in 689 participants (33.1%). There was no evidence that dietary vitamin D intake, PTH, or adjusted calcium were associated with CVD events or with mortality. Vitamin D deficiency was not associated with CVD (fully adjusted hazard ratio=1.00; 95% confidence interval=0.77–1.31). Results were similar after excluding patients who reported an activity-limiting longstanding illness at baseline (18.8%) and those taking any vitamin supplements (21.7%). However, there was some evidence vitamin D deficiency was associated with all-cause mortality (fully adjusted hazard ratio=2.02; 95% confidence interval=1.17–3.51).</p> <p>Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency was not associated with risk of CVD in this cohort with very low 25OHD. Future trials of vitamin D supplementation in middle-aged cohorts should be powered to detect differences inmortality outcomes as well as CVD.(J Clin EndocrinolMetab97: 0000 –0000, 2012)</p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McConnachie, Dr Alex and Welsh, Dr Paul and Hart, Dr Carole and Doolin, Ms Orla and Upton, Dr Mark and Boulton, Miss Emma and Watt, Professor Graham and Sattar, Professor Naveed
Authors: Welsh, P., Doolin, O., McConnachie, A., Boulton, E., McNeil, G., Macdonald, H., Hardcastle, A., Hart, C., Upton, M., Watt, G., and Sattar, N.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Public Health
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > General Practice and Primary Care
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Publisher:Endocrine Society
ISSN:0021-972X
Published Online:15 October 2012
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2012 The Endocrine Society
First Published:First published in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 97(12):4578-4587
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record

Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
531741NT-proBNP as a predictor of vascular events in WOSCOPS: using modern epidemiological techniques to test clinical utility of a biomarkerPaul WelshBritish Heart Foundation (BHF)FS/10/005/28147RI CARDIOVASCULAR & MEDICAL SCIENCES