Analysis of antigenicity and topology of E2 glycoprotein present on recombinant hepatitis C virus-like particles

Clayton, R.F., Owsianka, A., Aitken, J., Graham, S., Bhella, D. and Patel, A.H. (2002) Analysis of antigenicity and topology of E2 glycoprotein present on recombinant hepatitis C virus-like particles. Journal of Virology, 76(18), p. 9562. (doi:10.1128/jvi.76.18.9562.2002)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Abstract

Purification of hepatitis C virus (HCV) from sera of infected patients has proven elusive, hampering efforts to perform structure-function analysis of the viral components. Recombinant forms of the viral glycoproteins have been used instead for functional studies, but uncertainty exists as to whether they closely mimic the virion proteins. Here, we used HCV virus-like particles (VLPs) generated in insect cells infected with a recombinant baculovirus expressing viral structural proteins. Electron microscopic analysis revealed a population of pleomorphic VLPs that were at least partially enveloped with bilayer membranes and had viral glycoprotein spikes protruding from the surface. Immunogold labeling using specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) demonstrated these protrusions to be the E1 and E2 glycoproteins. A panel of anti-E2 MAbs was used to probe the surface topology of E2 on the VLPs and to compare the antigenicity of the VLPs with that of truncated E2 (E2660) or the full-length (FL) E1E2 complex expressed in mammalian cells. While most MAbs bound to all forms of antigen, a number of others showed striking differences in their abilities to recognize the various E2 forms. All MAbs directed against hypervariable region 1 (HVR-1) recognized both native and denatured E2660 with comparable affinities, but most bound either weakly or not at all to the FL E1E2 complex or to VLPs. HVR-1 on VLPs was accessible to these MAbs only after denaturation. Importantly, a subset of MAbs specific for amino acids 464 to 475 and 524 to 535 recognized E2660 but not VLPs or FL E1E2 complex. The antigenic differences between E2660, FL E1E2, and VLPs strongly point to the existence of structural differences, which may have functional relevance. Trypsin treatment of VLPs removed the N-terminal part of E2, resulting in a 42-kDa fragment. In the presence of detergent, this was further reduced to a trypsin-resistant 25-kDa fragment, which could be useful for structural studies.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Aitken, Mr James and Bhella, Dr David and Owsianka, Dr Anna and Patel, Professor Arvind
Authors: Clayton, R.F., Owsianka, A., Aitken, J., Graham, S., Bhella, D., and Patel, A.H.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Virology
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN:0022-538X
ISSN (Online):1098-5514
Related URLs:

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record