A novel arrangement of zinc-binding residues and secondary structure in the C3HC4 motif of an alpha herpes virus protein family

Everett, R.D., Barlow, P., Milner, A., Luisi, B., Orr, A., Hope, G. and Lyon, D. (1993) A novel arrangement of zinc-binding residues and secondary structure in the C3HC4 motif of an alpha herpes virus protein family. Journal of Molecular Biology, 234(4), pp. 1038-1047. (doi:10.1006/jmbi.1993.1657)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Abstract

A highly conserved, cysteine-rich region plays a crucial role in the function of a family of regulatory proteins encoded by alpha herpes viruses. The so-called C3HC4 motif spans approximately 60 residues and has been predicted to bind zinc. This motif occurs in a number of other viral and cellular proteins, many of which appear to be involved in some aspect of the regulation of gene expression. We have cloned and expressed in bacteria a portion of immediate-early protein Vmw110 of herpes simplex virus type 1 that encompasses the C3HC4 motif, and the equivalent regions from the homologous proteins of varicella zoster virus and equine herpes virus type 1 (EHV-1). All three polypeptides were purified and found to bind zinc stably. None of the three interacted significantly with either DNA or RNA under our assay conditions. The EHV-1 domain yielded interpretable proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectra. Assignment of resonances and analysis of nuclear Overhauser effects revealed its secondary structure. Starting from the N terminus, this consists of an ordered but irregular loop, the first two strands of a triple-stranded antiparallel β-sheet, two turns of an α-helix, a second irregular loop, and the third strand of the β-sheet. It appears that, taking the cysteine and histidine residues in turn, cysteine residues I, II, IV and V co-ordinate one zinc atom while the histidine residue and cysteine residues III, VI and VII co-ordinate a second zinc atom. This arrangement of secondary structure differs from that found in other characterized zinc-containing proteins.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Everett, Professor Roger and Orr, Mrs Anne and Hope, Dr Graham
Authors: Everett, R.D., Barlow, P., Milner, A., Luisi, B., Orr, A., Hope, G., and Lyon, D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Molecular Biology
Publisher:Academic Press
ISSN:0022-2836

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record