Exploring the DNA mimicry of the Ocr protein of phage T7

Roberts, G.A., Stephanou, A.S., Kanwar, N., Dawson, A., Cooper, L.P., Chen, K., Nutley, M., Cooper, A., Blakely, G.W. and Dryden, D.T.F. (2012) Exploring the DNA mimicry of the Ocr protein of phage T7. Nucleic Acids Research, 40(16), pp. 8129-8143. (doi:10.1093/nar/gks516)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Abstract

DNA mimic proteins have evolved to control DNA-binding proteins by competing with the target DNA for binding to the protein. The Ocr protein of bacteriophage T7 is the most studied DNA mimic and functions to block the DNA-binding groove of Type I DNA restriction/modification enzymes. This binding prevents the enzyme from cleaving invading phage DNA. Each 116 amino acid monomer of the Ocr dimer has an unusual amino acid composition with 34 negatively charged side chains but only 6 positively charged side chains. Extensive mutagenesis of the charges of Ocr revealed a regression of Ocr activity from wild-type activity to partial activity then to variants inactive in antirestriction but deleterious for cell viability and lastly to totally inactive variants with no deleterious effect on cell viability. Throughout the mutagenesis the Ocr mutant proteins retained their folding. Our results show that the extreme bias in charged amino acids is not necessary for antirestriction activity but that less charged variants can affect cell viability by leading to restriction proficient but modification deficient cell phenotypes.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Nutley, Mrs Margaret and Cooper, Professor Alan
Authors: Roberts, G.A., Stephanou, A.S., Kanwar, N., Dawson, A., Cooper, L.P., Chen, K., Nutley, M., Cooper, A., Blakely, G.W., and Dryden, D.T.F.
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Nucleic Acids Research
ISSN:0305-1048
ISSN (Online):1362-4962
Published Online:07 June 2012
Related URLs:

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record