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Roles of triplex and scaffolding proteins in herpes simplex virus type 1 capsid formation suggested by structures of recombinant particles

Saad, A., Zhou, Z.H., Jakana, J., Chiu, W., and Rixon, F.J. (1999) Roles of triplex and scaffolding proteins in herpes simplex virus type 1 capsid formation suggested by structures of recombinant particles. Journal of Virology, 73 (8). pp. 6821-6830. ISSN 0022-538X

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Publisher's URL: http://jvi.asm.org/content/73/8/6821.long

Abstract

Typical herpes simplex virus (HSV) capsids contain seven proteins that form a T=16 icosahedron of 1,250-A diameter. Infection of cells with recombinant baculoviruses expressing two of these proteins, VP5 (which forms the pentons and hexons in typical HSV capsids) and VP19C (a component of the triplexes that connect adjacent capsomeres), results in the formation of spherical particles of 880-A diameter. Electron cryomicroscopy and computer reconstruction revealed that these particles possess a T=7 icosahedral symmetry, having 12 pentons and 60 hexons. Among the characteristic structural features of the particle are the skewed appearance of the hexons and the presence of intercapsomeric mass densities connecting the middle domain of one hexon subunit to the lower domain of a subunit in the adjacent hexon. We interpret these connecting masses as being formed by VP19C. Comparison of the connecting masses with the triplexes, which occupy equivalent positions in the T=16 capsid, reveals the probable locations of the single VP19C and two VP23 molecules that make up the triplex. Their arrangement suggests that the two triplex proteins have different roles in controlling intercapsomeric interactions and capsid stability. The nature of these particles and of other aberrant forms made in the absence of scaffold demonstrates the conformational adaptability of the capsid proteins and illustrates how VP23 and the scaffolding protein modulate the nature of the VP5-VP19C network to ensure assembly of the functional T=16 capsid.

Item Type:Article
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s):Rixon, Dr Frazer
Authors: Saad, A., Zhou, Z.H., Jakana, J., Chiu, W., and Rixon, F.J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation > Centre for Virus Research
Journal Name:Journal of Virology
Journal Abbr.:J. Virol.
ISSN:0022-538X
ISSN (Online):1098-5514

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