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Kinetics of expression of the gene encoding the 65-kilodalton DNA-binding protein of herpes simplex virus type 1

Goodrich, L.D., Rixon, F.J., and Parris, D.S. (1989) Kinetics of expression of the gene encoding the 65-kilodalton DNA-binding protein of herpes simplex virus type 1. Journal of Virology, 63 (1). pp. 137-47. ISSN 0022-538X

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Abstract

The 65-kilodalton DNA-binding protein (65KDBP) of herpes simplex virus type 1, encoded by gene UL42, is required for herpes simplex virus origin-dependent DNA replication (C.A. Wu, N.J. Nelson, D.J. McGeoch, and M.D. Challberg, J. Virol. 62:435-443, 1988). We found by indirect immunofluorescence with monoclonal antibody to 65KDBP that the protein was first detectable at 3 h postinfection. It localized first to the inner periphery of the nucleus, but accumulated in large globular compartments within the nucleus by 6 h postinfection in a pattern similar to that displayed by the major DNA-binding protein ICP8. Immune electron microscopy revealed that 65KDBP was associated with the marginated heterochromatin at the early times, but migrated further into the nucleus at late times when the only discernible areas devoid of 65KDBP were the nucleoli and heterochromatin. The 65KDBP gene is a member of the beta kinetic class as determined by the ability of the mRNA to be expressed at significant levels even in the absence of viral DNA synthesis. Furthermore, in the presence or absence of the DNA polymerase inhibitor phosphonoacetic acid, the patterns of accumulation of protein as well as mRNA were virtually indistinguishable from those displayed by the model beta genes encoding ICP8 and thymidine kinase. Nuclear run-on experiments demonstrated that maximum rates of 65KDBP gene transcription occurred prior to the maximum rate of progeny viral DNA synthesis and confirmed that the expression of the 65KDBP gene is regulated at the level of transcriptional initiation.

Item Type:Article
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Rixon, Dr Frazer
Authors: Goodrich, L.D., Rixon, F.J., and Parris, D.S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Virology
Journal Abbr.:J. Virol.
ISSN:0022-538X
ISSN (Online):1098-5514

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