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The carboxy-terminal acidic domain of Rift Valley Fever virus NSs protein is essential for the formation of filamentous structures but not for the nuclear localization of the protein

Yadani, F.Z., Kohl, A., Préhaud, C., Billecocq, A., and Bouloy, M. (1999) The carboxy-terminal acidic domain of Rift Valley Fever virus NSs protein is essential for the formation of filamentous structures but not for the nuclear localization of the protein. Journal of Virology, 73 (6). pp. 5018-5025. ISSN 0022-538X

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Publisher's URL: http://jvi.asm.org/content/73/6/5018.full

Abstract

The ambisense S segment of Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus (a phlebovirus in the Bunyaviridae family) codes for two proteins: the viral complementary-sense RNA for the N nucleoprotein and the genomic-sense RNA for the nonstructural protein NSs. Except for the fact that the NSs protein is phosphorylated and forms filamentous structures in the nuclei of infected cells (R. Swanepoel and N. K. Blackburn, J. Gen. Virol. 34:557-561, 1977), its role is poorly understood, especially since the replication cycle of all these viruses takes place in the cytoplasm. To investigate the mechanisms involved in filament formation, we expressed NSs in mammalian cells via a recombinant Semliki Forest virus and demonstrated that the protein alone was able to form structures similar to those observed in RVF virus-infected cells, indicating that the presence of other RVF virus proteins is not required for filament formation. The yeast two-hybrid system was used to show that the protein interacts with itself and to map the interacting domains. Various deletion and substitution mutants were constructed, and the mutant proteins were analyzed by immunoprecipitation, Western blotting and immunofluorescence. These experiments indicated that the 10 to 17 amino acids of the carboxy-terminal domain were involved in self-association of the protein and that deletion of this acidic carboxy-terminal domain prevents the protein from forming filaments but does not affect its nuclear localization. The role of two phosphorylation sites present in this domain was also investigated, but they were not found to have a major influence on the formation of the nuclear filament.

Item Type:Article
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Kohl, Dr Alain
Authors: Yadani, F.Z., Kohl, A., Préhaud, C., Billecocq, A., and Bouloy, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation > Centre for Virus Research
Journal Name:Journal of Virology
Journal Abbr.:J. Virol
ISSN:0022-538X
ISSN (Online):1098-5514

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