Validation and reproducibility of a high-resolution camera based three-dimensional facial imaging system

Khambay, B., Nairn, N., Bell, A. , Miller, J., Bowman, A. and Ayoub, A.F. (2008) Validation and reproducibility of a high-resolution camera based three-dimensional facial imaging system. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 46(1), pp. 27-32. (doi: 10.1016/j.bjoms.2007.04.017)

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Abstract

<b>Objective:</b> To assess the accuracy and reproducibility of a high-resolution three-dimensional imaging system (Di3D). <b>Design:</b> The three-dimensional imaging system was validated in vitro using 12 adult facial plaster casts, which had landmarks marked, and the positions of the landmarks on the three-dimensional images captured by Di3D were compared with those obtained by a coordinate measuring machine (CMM). <b>Methods:</b> Operator error was measured by repeatedly locating landmarks on the three-dimensional image. Reproducibility error of the images was calculated by capturing three-dimensional images of the facial casts on two separate occasions; the Euclidean distance between the two matched sets of coordinates was then calculated. The Di3D system error was assessed by calculating the three-dimensional global positions of landmarks on the three-dimensional images and comparing them with those obtained by CMM (gold standard). <b>Results:</b> The operator error in placement of landmarks on the three-dimensional model was 0.07 mm, range 0.02–0.11 mm. The reproducibility of the Di3D capture was 0.13 mm, range 0.11–0.14 mm. The mean distance between the CMM and Di3D landmarks, which constitutes the Di3D system error, was an average of 0.21 mm, range 0.14–0.32 mm. <b>Conclusions:</b> The Di3D system error was within 0.2 mm, which is clinically acceptable, and offers considerable improvement in stereophotogrammetry for facial capture and analysis.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Imaging, Stereophotogrammetry, Validation, Reproducibility
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Bell, Dr Aileen and Ayoub, Professor Ashraf and Bowman, Prof Adrian and Nairn, Mr Neil and Khambay, Dr Balvinder
Authors: Khambay, B., Nairn, N., Bell, A., Miller, J., Bowman, A., and Ayoub, A.F.
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Statistics
Journal Name:British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
ISSN:0266-4356
ISSN (Online):1532-1940
Published Online:11 June 2007

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