Itano, W., Brewer, L.R., Larson, D., and Wineland, D. (1988) Perpendicular laser cooling of a rotating ion plasma in a Penning trap. Physical Review A: General Physics, 38(11), pp. 5698-5706. (doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.38.5698)
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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.38.5698
The steady-state temperature of an ion plasma in a Penning trap, cooled by a laser beam perpendicular to the trap axis, has been calculated and measured. The rotation of the plasma, due to crossed E and B fields, strongly affects the minimum attainable temperature. This is because the velocity distribution of the ions, as seen by a laser beam intersecting the plasma at some distance from the axis of rotation, is skewed, and this leads to a change in the velocity distribution (and hence temperature) at which a steady state is attained. The calculated temperature is a function of the intensity, frequency, and position of the laser beam, and of the rotation frequency of the plasma. Temperatures of 9Be+ plasmas were measured for a wide range of experimental parameters. The lowest and highest temperatures were approximately 40 mK and 2 K. The measured and calculated temperatures are in agreement.
|Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:||Brewer, Dr Laurence|
|Authors:||Itano, W., Brewer, L.R., Larson, D., and Wineland, D.|
|College/School:||College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy|
|Journal Name:||Physical Review A: General Physics|