Experimental challenges to targeting poorly characterized GPCRs: uncovering the therapeutic potential for free fatty acid receptors

Hudson, B.D. , Smith, N.J. and Milligan, G. (2011) Experimental challenges to targeting poorly characterized GPCRs: uncovering the therapeutic potential for free fatty acid receptors. In: Neubig, R.R. (ed.) Pharmacology of G Protein Coupled Receptors. Series: Advances in Pharmacology (62). Elsevier Academic Press: Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 175-218. ISBN 9780123859525 (doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-385952-5.00006-3)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-385952-5.00006-3

Abstract

The G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are extremely successful drug targets, with recent estimates suggesting that approximately 30% of all currently available therapeutics act at these receptors. Despite this success, only a small number of the over 400 known nonodorant GPCRs are currently targeted, suggesting there is still untapped therapeutic potential. However, as most GPCRs were identified based on their sequence homology to other members of the superfamily, many still remain "orphan" receptors without known ligands. Indeed, even once a GPCR has been deorphanized, the receptor typically is still poorly characterized in terms of its pharmacology and biological functions, presenting a unique set of experimental challenges in order to define its therapeutic potential. We discuss some of these challenges and how they have been addressed in order to uncover the therapeutic potential of five recently deorphanized receptors that are activated by short- and long-chain free fatty acids.

Item Type:Book Sections
Status:Published
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hudson, Dr Brian and Milligan, Professor Graeme and Smith, Dr Nicola
Authors: Hudson, B.D., Smith, N.J., and Milligan, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Publisher:Elsevier Academic Press
ISBN:9780123859525

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record