Quarantine protects Falkland Islands (Malvinas) cats from feline coronavirus infection

Addie, D.D., McDonald, M. , Audhuy, S., Burr, P., Hollins, J., Kovacic, R., Lutz, H., Luxton, Z., Mazar, S. and Meli, M.L. (2012) Quarantine protects Falkland Islands (Malvinas) cats from feline coronavirus infection. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 14(2), pp. 171-176. (doi: 10.1177/1098612X11429644)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Abstract

Feline coronavirus (FCoV) causes feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). Since 2002, when 20 cats on the Falkland Islands were found to be FCoV seronegative, only seronegative cats could be imported. Between 2005–2007, 95 pet and 10 feral cats tested negative by indirect immunofluorescence antibody (IFA) analysis using two strains of type II FCoV, two transmissible gastroenteritis virus assays, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and rapid immunomigration test. Twenty-four samples (23%) showed non-specific fluorescence, mostly attributable to anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA). The reason for ANA was unclear: reactive samples were negative for Erhlichia canis antibodies; seven were feline immunodeficiency virus positive, but 15 were negative. It was not possible to determine retrospectively whether the cats had autoimmune disease, hyperthyroidism treatment, or recent vaccination which may also cause ANA. The FCoV/ FIP-free status of the Falkland Islands cats should be maintained by FCoV testing incoming cats. However, ANA can complicate interpretation of IFA tests.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Addie, Dr Diane and Burr, Dr Paul and McDonald, Mr Mike
Authors: Addie, D.D., McDonald, M., Audhuy, S., Burr, P., Hollins, J., Kovacic, R., Lutz, H., Luxton, Z., Mazar, S., and Meli, M.L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
ISSN:1098-612X

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record