Problematic but promising ponds? Palaeoenvironmental evidence from the Norse Eastern Settlement of Greenland

Edwards, K.J., Schofield, J.E., Kirby, J.R. and Cook, G.T. (2011) Problematic but promising ponds? Palaeoenvironmental evidence from the Norse Eastern Settlement of Greenland. Journal of Quaternary Science, 26(8), pp. 854-865. (doi:10.1002/jqs.1518)

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Abstract

Pollen- and related proxy-based studies of human–environment interactions during the Norse and later periods within Greenland have primarily involved the investigation of peat, lake and soil deposits, all of which have taphonomic and sampling problems. Many small ponds exist, but they seem to have been relatively ignored in investigations of palaeoecologically based environmental history. To evaluate their usefulness for studies of ecologically related cultural history, especially where sites are in intimate association with the archaeology, a pond in the Norse Eastern Settlement has been examined to investigate three principal questions: (i) Does such a site contain a useful record of environmental history? (ii) Does it offer a record of sufficient resolution and sensitivity for the study of anthropogenic landscape impacts? (iii) Are there any apparent drawbacks to these sequences? Using data obtained from palynological, diatom, sedimentological and radiocarbon analyses, it is concluded that environmental data for each proxy – aside from <sup>14</sup>C dating – are clearly capable of being explained in a reasonably straightforward and compatible manner and fulfil the hopes for the sampling m

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cook, Professor Gordon
Authors: Edwards, K.J., Schofield, J.E., Kirby, J.R., and Cook, G.T.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Journal of Quaternary Science
ISSN:0267-8179
ISSN (Online):1099-1417
Published Online:24 August 2011

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