The role of sphingosine kinase in a murine model of allergic asthma

Lai, W.-Q., Goh, H. H., Bao, Z., Wong, W. S. F., Melendez, A. J. and Leung, B. P. (2008) The role of sphingosine kinase in a murine model of allergic asthma. Journal of Immunology, 180(6), pp. 4323-4329.

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Asthma is an allergic disease characterized by chronic airway eosinophilia and pulmonary infiltration of lymphocytes, particularly of the Th2 subtype, macrophages and mast cells. Previous studies have shown a pivotal role for sphingosine kinase (SphK) on various proinflammatory cells, such as lymphocyte and eosinophil migration and mast cell degranulation. We therefore examined the roles of SphK in a murine model of allergic asthma. In mice previously sensitized to OVA, i.p. administration of N,N-dimethylsphingosine (DMS), a potent SphK inhibitor, significantly reduced the total inflammatory cell infiltrate and eosinophilia and the IL-4, IL-5, and eotaxin levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in response to inhaled OVA challenge. In addition, DMS significantly suppressed OVA-induced inflammatory infiltrates and mucus production in the lungs, and airway hyperresponsiveness to methacholine in a dose-dependent manner. OVA-induced lymphocyte proliferation and IL-4 and IL-5 secretion were reduced in thoracic lymph node cultures from DMS-treated mice. Moreover, similar reduction in inflammatory infiltrates, bronchoalveolar lavage, IL-4, IL-5, eotaxin, and serum OVA-specific IgE levels was observed in mice with SphK1 knock-down via small interfering RNA approach. Together, these data demonstrate the therapeutic potential of SphK modulation in allergic airways disease.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Melendez Romero, Dr Alirio and Leung, Dr Bernard
Authors: Lai, W.-Q., Goh, H. H., Bao, Z., Wong, W. S. F., Melendez, A. J., and Leung, B. P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Immunology
Journal Abbr.:J. Immunol.
Publisher:American Association of Immunologists
ISSN (Online):1550-6606
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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
462311Therapeutic potential of Sphingosine Kinase blockage in allergic anaphylaxis.Alirio Melendez RomeroMedical Research Council (MRC)G0700794Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation