Phospholipase D1 plays a key role in TNF-α signaling

Sethu, S., Mendez-Corao, G. and Melendez, A. J. (2008) Phospholipase D1 plays a key role in TNF-α signaling. Journal of Immunology, 180(9), pp. 6027-6034.

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The primary characteristic features of any inflammatory or infectious lesions are immune cell infiltration, cellular proliferation, and the generation of proinflammatory mediators. TNF-alpha is a potent proinflammatory and immuno-regulatory cytokine. Decades of research have been focused on the physiological/pathophysiological events triggered by TNF-alpha. However, the signaling network initiated by TNF-alpha in human leukocytes is still poorly understood. In this study, we report that TNF-alpha activates phospholipase D1 (PLD1), in a dose-dependent manner, and PLD1 is required for the activation of sphingosine kinase and cytosolic calcium signals. PLD1 is also required for NFkappaB and ERK1/2 activation in human monocytic cells. Using antisense oligonucleotides to reduce specifically the expression of PLD isozymes showed PLD1, but not PLD2, to be coupled to TNF-alpha signaling and that PLD1 is required to mediate receptor activation of sphingosine kinase and calcium transients. In addition, the coupling of TNF-alpha to activation of the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and the activation of NFkappaB were inhibited by pretreating cells with antisense to PLD1, but not to PLD2; thus, demonstrating a specific requirement for PLD1. Furthermore, use of antisense oligonucleotides to reduce expression of PLD1 or PLD2 demonstrated that PLD1 is required for TNF-alpha-induced production of several important cytokines, such as IL-1beta, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-13, in human monocytes. These studies demonstrate the critical role of PLD1 in the intracellular signaling cascades initiated by TNF-alpha and its functional role for coordinating the signals to inflammatory responses.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Melendez Romero, Dr Alirio
Authors: Sethu, S., Mendez-Corao, G., and Melendez, A. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Immunology
Journal Abbr.:J. Immunol.
Publisher:American Association of Immunologists
ISSN (Online):1550-6606
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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
462311Therapeutic potential of Sphingosine Kinase blockage in allergic anaphylaxis.Alirio Melendez RomeroMedical Research Council (MRC)G0700794Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation