Musculoskeletal neoplasia: an important differential for lumps or lameness in the cat

Helm, J. and Morris, J.S. (2012) Musculoskeletal neoplasia: an important differential for lumps or lameness in the cat. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 14(1), pp. 43-54. (doi:10.1177/1098612X11432826)

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Abstract

Practical relevance: Musculoskeletal neoplasia is an uncommon but Important differential diagnosis for cats presenting with lameness, pain or swellings associated with bones and/or soft tissues. The most common tumours of soft tissue origin are the sarcomas (in particular feline injection site sarcomas [FISSs]); the most common bone tumour of the cat is osteosarcoma (OSA). <p/>Clinical challenges: FISSs present a clinical challenge in terms of their local invasiveness, difficulty in obtaining complete surgical excision and high risk of local recurrence. Axial and extraskeletal OSAs pose similar challenges, whereas appendicular OSA is usually easy to remove via limb amputation and can, therefore, carry a good prognosis in many cases. <p/>Patient group: Cats of any age, gender or breed may be affected, although bone tumours predominantly affect middle- to old-aged cats. <p/>Global importance: Vaccination of cats is of global importance in preventing feline diseases; hence, any possible significant consequences of vaccination such as neoplasia, even of a low incidence, are of huge concern to cat owners and veterinarians alike. <p/>Evidence base: This review is based on current literature relating to pathogenesis, pathology, presentation, diagnosis, staging, treatment and prognosis. It aims to summarise feline musculoskeletal neoplasia for clinicians in general practice.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Morris, Professor Joanna and Helm, Miss Jenny
Authors: Helm, J., and Morris, J.S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Publisher:Sage Publications
ISSN:1098-612X
ISSN (Online):1532-2750

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