Exploring compassion: a meta-analysis of the association between self-compassion and psychopathology

MacBeth, A. and Gumley, A. (2012) Exploring compassion: a meta-analysis of the association between self-compassion and psychopathology. Clinical Psychology Review, 32(6), pp. 545-552. (doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2012.06.003)

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Abstract

Compassion has emerged as an important construct in studies of mental health and psychological therapy. Although an increasing number of studies have explored relationships between compassion and different facets of psychopathology there has as yet been no systematic review or synthesis of the empirical literature. We conducted a systematic search of the literature on compassion and mental health. We identified 20 samples from 14 eligible studies. All studies used the Neff Self Compassion Scale (Neff 2003, a). We employed meta-analysis to explore associations between self-compassion and psychopathology using random effects analyses of Fisher's Z correcting for attenuation arising from scale reliability. We found a large effect size for the relationship between compassion and psychopathology of r= -0.54 (95%CI = -0.57 to -0.51; Z=-34.02; p<.0001). Heterogeneity was significant in the analysis. There was no evidence of significant publication bias. Compassion is an important explanatory variable in understanding mental health and resilience. Future work is needed to develop the evidence base for compassion in psychopathology, and explore correlates of compassion and psychopathology.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Clinical Psychology Review. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Clinical Psychology Review 32(6), 2012, DOI: 10.1016/j.cpr.2012.06.003
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:MacBeth, Mr Angus and Gumley, Professor Andrew
Authors: MacBeth, A., and Gumley, A.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Clinical Psychology Review
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0272-7358
ISSN (Online):1873-7811
Published Online:23 June 2012
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2012 Elsevier
First Published:First published in Clinical Psychology Review 32(6):545-552
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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