Hostility in coronary artery disease patients and health care workers in Slovakia

Selko, D., Bacharova, L., Rusnakova, V., Katina, S. and Liska, B. (2007) Hostility in coronary artery disease patients and health care workers in Slovakia. Journal of Health Organization and Management, 21(1), pp. 79-91. (doi: 10.1108/14777260710732295)

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<p><b>PURPOSE:</b> Increased levels of hostility are associated with the increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), and with poorer outcomes in CAD patients. The purpose of this paper is to estimate the level of hostility in CAD patients and in health care (HC) workers, as potential groups for intervention programmes.</p> <p><b>DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH:</b> A qualitative cross-sectional study was undertaken. Hostility questionnaires were distributed in a non-randomized fashion in a group of 236 CAD patients (187 men, 49 women), aged from 33 to 69 years (average 52 years) and 181 health care workers (52 men, 129 women), aged from 19 to 65 (average 31 years). The results of the survey were discussed in a focused group.</p> <p><b>FINDINGS:</b> The results showed that the high level of hostility in both CAD patients and HC workers exceeded the risk value of 10 in 89 per cent of CAD patients and 95 per cent of HC workers. No difference was found in the hostility scores between CAD patients and HC workers. There was a tendency to higher scores of hostility or of its subcategories (cynicism, anger, aggression) in physicians and nurses of the invasive cardiology or the intensive care units.</p> <p><b>ORIGINALITY/VALUE:</b> This paper is of value by showing how increased level of hostility was the issue in both patients and HC workers, with potential consequences of health risk for individuals, as well as deteriorated interpersonal relations and a conflict-generated corporate culture for organizations. Differently tailored programmes for hostility management for particular target groups may help to prevent negative developments.</p>

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Katina, Dr Stanislav
Authors: Selko, D., Bacharova, L., Rusnakova, V., Katina, S., and Liska, B.
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Statistics
Research Group:Statistical Modelling
Journal Name:Journal of Health Organization and Management
Published Online:01 January 2007

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