p38 Map kinase regulates vascular smooth muscle cell collagen synthesis by angiotensin II in SHR but not in WKY

Touyz, R.M. , He, G., El Mabrouk, M. and Schiffrin, E.L. (2001) p38 Map kinase regulates vascular smooth muscle cell collagen synthesis by angiotensin II in SHR but not in WKY. Hypertension, 37(Part 2), pp. 574-580.

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Abstract

Vascular remodeling in hypertension is associated with cell growth and increased deposition of extracellular matrix components, particularly collagen. Mechanisms underlying these processes are unclear, but MAP kinases, particularly ERK1/2 and p38 MAP kinase, may be important. We studied the role of ERK1/2 and p38 MAP kinase in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) collagen synthesis and growth mediated by angiotensin (Ang) II in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Cultured mesenteric VSMC from Wistar-Kyoto rats and SHR were used. Phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and p38 MAP kinase were assessed by Western blots with phosphospecific antibodies. Ang II-stimulated DNA and collagen synthesis were determined by measuring incorporation of (3)H-thymidine and (3)H-proline, respectively. mRNA expression of procollagen I and III was determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Ang II increased ERK1/2 and p38 MAP kinase phosphorylation. Responses were augmented in SHR. Effects were inhibited by irbesartan, a selective AT(1) antagonist, but not by PD123319, a selective AT(2) blocker. Ang II stimulated (3)H-thymidine and (3)H-proline incorporation. These actions were enhanced 2- to 3-fold in SHR. PD98059, selective inhibitor of the ERK1/2 pathway, attenuated Ang II-induced growth and collagen effects and normalized responses in SHR. SB212190, a selective p38 MAP kinase inhibitor, did not alter Ang II-elicited DNA synthesis but reduced collagen production and mRNA expression of procollagen I and III in SHR. These data demonstrate that (1) Ang II-mediated activation of p38 and ERK1/2 is increased in SHR, (2) augmented growth responses are generated by ERK1/2-dependent, p38 MAP kinase-independent pathways, and (3) p38 MAP kinase influences Ang II-induced collagen production in SHR but not in Wistar-Kyoto rats. These results indicate differential roles of ERK1/2 and p38 MAP kinase in AT(1)-stimulated VSMC growth and collagen production, which may contribute to vascular remodeling in hypertension.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Touyz, R.M., He, G., El Mabrouk, M., and Schiffrin, E.L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Hypertension
ISSN:0194-911X
ISSN (Online):1524-4563
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