Role of c-Src in the regulation of vascular contraction and Ca2+ signaling by angiotensin II in human vascular smooth muscle cells

Touyz, R.M. , Wu, X., He, G., Park, J.B., Chen, X., Vacher, J., Rajapurohitam, V. and Schiffrin, E.L. (2001) Role of c-Src in the regulation of vascular contraction and Ca2+ signaling by angiotensin II in human vascular smooth muscle cells. Journal of Hypertension, 19(3), pp. 441-449. (doi: 10.1097/00004872-200103000-00012)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004872-200103000-00012

Abstract

<b>Objective:</b> Tyrosine kinases, typically associated with growth-signaling pathways, also play a role in Ang II-stimulated vascular contraction. However the specific kinases involved are unclear. We hypothesize here that c-Src, a non-receptor tyrosine kinase, is an important upstream regulator of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) Ca2+ signaling and associated vascular contraction induced by Ang II.<p></p> <b>Methods:</b> Cultured VSMCs from resistance arteries of healthy subjects were studied. Human VSMCs electroporated with anti-c-Src antibody and c-Src-deficient VSMCs from small arteries of c-Src knockout mice (Src-/-mVSMCs) were also investigated. Intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), c-Src activity and IP3 production were measured by fura 2, immunoblot and radioimmunoassay respectively. Contraction was examined in intact rat small arteries.<p></p> <b>Results:</b> Ang II rapidly increased VSMC c-Src activity, with peak responses obtained at 1 min. Ang II induced a biphasic [Ca2+]i response (Emax= 636 ± 123 nmol/l). The initial [Ca2+]i transient, mediated primarily by Ca2+mobilization, was dose-dependently attenuated by the selective Src inhibitor, PP2, but not by PP3 (inactive analogue). Ang II-elicited [Ca2+]i responses were blunted in cells electroporated with anti-c-Src antibodies and in c-Src–/–mVSMCs. Src inhibition decreased Ang II-induced generation of IP3 in human VSMCs. Ang II dose-dependently increased vascular contraction (Emax= 40 ± 6.5%). These responses were attenuated by PP2 (Emax= 7.8 ± 0.08%) but not by PP3 (Emax= 35 ± 4.5%).<p></p> <b>Conclusions:</b> Our findings identify c-Src as an important regulator of VSMC [Ca2+]i signaling and implicate a novel contractile role for this non-receptor tyrosine kinase in Ang II-stimulated vascular smooth muscle.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Touyz, R.M., Wu, X., He, G., Park, J.B., Chen, X., Vacher, J., Rajapurohitam, V., and Schiffrin, E.L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Hypertension
ISSN:0263-6352
ISSN (Online):1473-5598

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