Acute cervico-facial infection in Scotland 2010: patterns of presentation, patient demographics and recording of systemic involvement

Byers, J., Lowe, T. and Goodall, C. (2011) Acute cervico-facial infection in Scotland 2010: patterns of presentation, patient demographics and recording of systemic involvement. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, (doi: 10.1016/j.bjoms.2011.11.013)

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Abstract

Acute bacterial cervicofacial infection is a common problem that is most often secondary to dental infection. Most cases present as localised abscesses but some may be associated with serious morbidity including scarring, embarrassment of the airway, SIRS (systemic inflammatory response syndrome), and sepsis syndrome. Fourteen oral surgery or maxillofacial surgery units in Scotland took part in a clinical audit of acute infection during two four-week cycles (August and November) in 2010. Information regarding the patients, signs and symptoms, and management was recorded. Training material was distributed between cycles with information on SIRS, sepsis, and the prescription of antibiotics. Overall, 140 patients presented with acute infection. There was an equal sex distribution and ages ranged from 5 to 87 years. There was an association with deprivation and 36% of patients were from the lowest socioeconomic quintile. Most infections were dental (n=120, 86%), and patients presented with pain and swelling (n=120, 86% and n=134, 96%, respectively) Twenty-three patients (16%) met the criteria for SIRS. A further 23 (16%) had at least one positive SIRS marker with incomplete recording of the remaining markers. Twenty-six patients (19%) had no recorded SIRS markers. Cervicofacial infection can be associated with serious morbidity and mortality, which may be better managed if the systemic signs and symptoms of sepsis are recognised and recorded at presentation. This study showed that the recording of signs of sepsis was variable even with training. Further training of junior staff to recognise severe acute bacterial infection may improve management.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Cervicofacial infection, abscess, neck infection, audit, dental
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Goodall, Dr Christine and Byers, Dr Jonathan
Authors: Byers, J., Lowe, T., and Goodall, C.
Subjects:R Medicine > RK Dentistry
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Research Group:Community Oral Health
Journal Name:British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
ISSN:1532-1940
Published Online:27 December 2011

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