Disruptive behaviour disorders: a systematic review of environmental antenatal and early years risk factors

Latimer, K., Wilson, P., Kemp, J., Thompson, L. , Sim, F., Gillberg, C. , Puckering, C. and Minnis, H. (2012) Disruptive behaviour disorders: a systematic review of environmental antenatal and early years risk factors. Child: Care, Health and Development, 38(5), pp. 611-628. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2214.2012.01366.x)

Latimer, K., Wilson, P., Kemp, J., Thompson, L. , Sim, F., Gillberg, C. , Puckering, C. and Minnis, H. (2012) Disruptive behaviour disorders: a systematic review of environmental antenatal and early years risk factors. Child: Care, Health and Development, 38(5), pp. 611-628. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2214.2012.01366.x)

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Abstract

Disruptive behaviour disorders (DBDs), including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) are chronic disorders with significant overlap in aetiology and presentation. An integrative examination of environmental risk factors is lacking. Six literature searches of web-based bibliographic databases were completed to identify literature on DBDs in general and five disorders in particular: CD, ODD, ADHD, deficits of attention, motor control and perception, and reactive attachment disorder. Searches were filtered to focus on studies including diagnostic assessment, focussing on environmental risk and protective factors in the first 4 years of life. The database searches generated 9806 papers of which 47 were reviewed after filters had been applied. The evidence suggests links between a number of early life risk factors and DBDs, including prenatal cigarette smoking and alcohol use, prenatal viral illness, maternal stress and anxiety, low birthweight, peri-partum and early neonatal complications, parental stress and parenting styles in infancy, early deprivation, adoption and separation. Despite the understanding that there is sharing of risk factors between the DBDs, there has been a disproportionate focus on the role of certain risk factors at the expense of others and the field is weakened by difficulties in controlling for all potential confounding variables.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Minnis, Professor Helen and Wilson, Dr Philip and Thompson, Dr Lucy and Puckering, Dr Christine and Gillberg, Professor Christopher and Sim, Dr Fiona
Authors: Latimer, K., Wilson, P., Kemp, J., Thompson, L., Sim, F., Gillberg, C., Puckering, C., and Minnis, H.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > General Practice and Primary Care
Journal Name:Child: Care, Health and Development
ISSN:0305-1862
Published Online:28 February 2012

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