PPARalpha activator effects on Ang II-induced vascular oxidative stress and inflammation

Diep, Q.N., Amiri, F., Touyz, R.M. , Cohn, J.S., Endemann, D., Neves, M.F. and Schriffin, E.L. (2002) PPARalpha activator effects on Ang II-induced vascular oxidative stress and inflammation. Hypertension, 40(6), pp. 866-871. (doi:10.1161/01.HYP.0000037969.41360.CC)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.HYP.0000037969.41360.CC

Abstract

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a peroxisome proliferator–activated receptor-α (PPARα) activator, reduces blood pressure (BP) in some hypertensive models by unclear mechanisms. We tested the hypothesis that DHA would prevent BP elevation and improve vascular dysfunction in angiotensin (Ang) II–infused rats by modulating of NADPH oxidase activity and inflammation in vascular wall. Sprague-Dawley rats received Ang II (120 ng/kg per minute SC) with or without DHA (2.5 mL of oil containing 40% DHA/d PO) for 7 days. Systolic BP (mm Hg), elevated in Ang II–infused rats (172±3) versus controls (108±2, P<0.01), was reduced by DHA (112±4). In mesenteric small arteries studied in a pressurized myograph, media/lumen ratio was increased (P<0.05) and acetylcholine-induced relaxation impaired in Ang II–infused rats (P<0.05); both were normalized by DHA. In blood vessels of Ang II–infused rats, NADPH oxidase activity measured by chemiluminescence and expression of adhesion molecules intercellular adhesion molecule and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 were significantly increased. These changes were abrogated by DHA. PPARα activator DHA attenuated the development of hypertension, corrected structural abnormalities, and improved endothelial dysfunction induced by Ang II. These effects are associated with decreased oxidative stress and inflammation in the vascular wall.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Diep, Q.N., Amiri, F., Touyz, R.M., Cohn, J.S., Endemann, D., Neves, M.F., and Schriffin, E.L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Hypertension
ISSN:0194-911X
ISSN (Online):1524-4563
Published Online:14 October 2002

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