Persistent remodeling of resistance arteries in type 2 diabetic patients on antihypertensive treatment

Endemann, D.H., Pu, Q., De Ciuceis, C., Savoia, C., Virdis, A., Neves, M.F., Touyz, R.M. and Schriffin, E.L. (2004) Persistent remodeling of resistance arteries in type 2 diabetic patients on antihypertensive treatment. Hypertension, 43(2), pp. 399-404. (doi: 10.1161/01.HYP.0000112029.03691.e7)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.HYP.0000112029.03691.e7

Abstract

We hypothesized that resistance arteries from diabetic patients with controlled hypertension have less remodeling than vessels from untreated hypertensive subjects. Eight normotensive subjects (aged 44±3 years, 3 men; values are mean±SEM), 19 untreated hypertensive subjects (46±2 years, 9 men), and 23 hypertensive subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus under antihypertensive treatment (58±1 years, 15 men) were studied. Resistance arteries dissected from gluteal subcutaneous tissue were assessed on a pressurized myograph. Most diabetic patients (70%) were being treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. Although systolic blood pressure was still above the normotensive range in these patients (144±2 versus 150±3 mm Hg in hypertensive and 114±4 mm Hg in normotensive subjects), diastolic blood pressure was well controlled (83±2 mm Hg) and significantly lower compared with that in untreated hypertensives (100±1 mm Hg; P<0.001) but higher than in normotensives (76±3 mm Hg; P<0.05). Thus, pulse pressure was higher in diabetic patients (P<0.05). The media-to-lumen ratio of resistance arteries was greater in hypertensives (0.083±0.002) compared with normotensive controls (0.059±0.003; P<0.05) and was even higher in diabetic hypertensive subjects (0.105±0.004; P<0.001 versus normotensive controls). The medial cross-sectional area was greater in diabetic and hypertensive patients compared with normotensive controls (P<0.001). Acetylcholine-induced relaxation was impaired in vessels from hypertensive patients and from patients with both diabetes mellitus and hypertension (P<0.05 versus normotensive controls), whereas endothelium-independent vasorelaxation was similar in all groups. Despite effective antihypertensive treatment, resistance arteries from hypertensive diabetic patients showed marked remodeling, greater than that of vessels from untreated, nondiabetic, hypertensive subjects, in agreement with the high cardiovascular risk of subjects suffering from both diabetes and hypertension.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Endemann, D.H., Pu, Q., De Ciuceis, C., Savoia, C., Virdis, A., Neves, M.F., Touyz, R.M., and Schriffin, E.L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Hypertension
ISSN:0194-911X
ISSN (Online):1524-4563
Published Online:05 January 2004

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