p53 regulates the proliferation, differentiation and spontaneous transformation of mesenchymal stem cells

Armesilla-Diaz, A., Elvira, G. and Silva, A. (2009) p53 regulates the proliferation, differentiation and spontaneous transformation of mesenchymal stem cells. Experimental Cell Research, 315(20), pp. 3598-3610. (doi:10.1016/j.yexcr.2009.08.004)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yexcr.2009.08.004

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been extensively studied and gained wide popularity due to their therapeutic potential. Spontaneous transformation of MSC, from both human and murine origin, has been reported in many studies. MSC transformation depends on the culture conditions, the origin of the cells and the time on culture; however, the precise biological characteristics involved in this process have not been fully defined yet. In this study, we investigated the role of p53 in the biology and transformation of murine bone marrow (BM)-derived MSC. We demonstrate that the MSC derived from p53KO mice showed an augmented proliferation rate, a shorter doubling time and also morphologic and phenotypic changes, as compared to MSC derived from wild-type animals. Furthermore, the MSC devoid of p53 had an increased number of cells able to generate colonies. In addition, not only proliferation but also MSC differentiation is controlled by p53 since its absence modifies the speed of the process. Moreover, genomic instability, changes in the expression of c-myc and anchorage independent growth were also observed in p53KO MSC. In addition, the absence of p53 implicates the spontaneous transformation of MSC in long-term cultures. Our results reveal that p53 plays a central role in the biology of MSC.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Armesilla-Diaz, Dr Alejandro
Authors: Armesilla-Diaz, A., Elvira, G., and Silva, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Experimental Cell Research
Journal Abbr.:Exp. Cell Res.
ISSN:0014-4827
Published Online:15 August 2009

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