To what extent do weight gain and eating avidity during infancy predict later adiposity?

Wright, C.M. , Cox, K.M., Sherriff, A. , Franco Villoria, M., Pearce, M.S. and Adamson, A.J. (2012) To what extent do weight gain and eating avidity during infancy predict later adiposity? Public Health Nutrition, 15(4), pp. 656-662. (doi:10.1017/S1368980011002096)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980011002096

Abstract

Objective To determine the extent to which weight gain and eating behaviours in infancy predict later adiposity.<p></p> Design Population-based, prospective, longitudinal birth cohort study. Weights collected in infancy were used to calculate Z-scores for weight gain to age 1 year conditional on birth weight (CWG). To avoid multiple significance tests, variables from the parent questionnaire completed at age 1 year describing eating avidity were combined using general linear modelling to create an infancy avidity score. Anthropometry, skinfold thicknesses and bioelectrical impedance data collected at age 7–8 years were combined using factor analysis, to create an adiposity index.<p></p> Setting Gateshead, UK.<p></p> Subjects Members of the Gateshead Millennium Study cohort with data at both time points (n 561).<p></p> Results CWG in infancy significantly predicted adiposity at age 7 years, but related more strongly to length and lean mass. High adiposity (> 90th internal percentile) at age 7 years was significantly associated with high CWG (relative risk 2·76; 95 % CI 1·5, 5·1) in infancy, but less so with raised (> 74th internal percentile) eating avidity in infancy (relative risk 1·87; 95 % CI 0·9, 3·7). However, the majority of children with high weight gain (77·6 %) or avidity (85·5 %) in infancy did not go on to have high adiposity at age 7 years.<p></p> Conclusions Rapid weight gain in infancy and the eating behaviours which relate to it do predict later adiposity, but are more strongly predictive of later stature and lean mass.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sherriff, Dr Andrea and Wright, Professor Charlotte
Authors: Wright, C.M., Cox, K.M., Sherriff, A., Franco Villoria, M., Pearce, M.S., and Adamson, A.J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:Public Health Nutrition
Publisher:Cambridge
ISSN:1368-9800
ISSN (Online):1475-2727
Published Online:18 October 2011

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