Position of Src tyrosine kinases in the interaction between angiotensin II and endothelin in in vivo vascular protein synthesis

Beaucage, P., Iglarz, M., Servant, M., Touyz, R.M. and Moreau, P. (2005) Position of Src tyrosine kinases in the interaction between angiotensin II and endothelin in in vivo vascular protein synthesis. Journal of Hypertension, 23(2), pp. 329-335.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Endothelin is a necessary intermediate in the trophic action of angiotensin II during hypertension-induced resistance artery remodeling in vivo. Since Src tyrosine kinases can be activated by both agonists, we studied their role in the trophic action of angiotensin II, endothelin and their interaction in rat small mesenteric arteries.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-six hour infusion of high-dose angiotensin II (400 ng/kg per min) or endothelin (5 pmol/kg per min) via osmotic pumps significantly enhanced vascular protein synthesis in vivo. When angiotensin II was used as the trophic stimulus, treatment with a Src tyrosine kinase inhibitor (PP2, 0.5 mg/kg, starting at 21 h of the 26-h stimulation) produced a significant attenuation of extracellular regulated kinase 1 (ERK 1) phosphorylation and of protein synthesis. However, PP2 administered at 21 h or throughout the 26-h infusion did not abrogate the elevation of protein synthesis induced by endothelin. Moreover, endothelin did not enhance the phosphorylation of ERK 1/2 in small mesenteric arteries. We confirmed that angiotensin II stimulated the expression of prepro-endothelin mRNA in small mesenteric arteries in a Src-dependent manner, as the response was inhibited by PP2. To support the specific inhibitory activity of PP2 on Src tyrosine kinases in vivo, angiotensin II-induced phosphorylation of cortactin, a Src-specific substrate, was inhibited by PP2.

CONCLUSION: Src tyrosine kinases represent an important signaling element in angiotensin II-induced endothelin production in small arteries in vivo. However, Src tyrosine kinases did not appear to contribute to the trophic signaling of endothelin, suggesting that they lie upstream of endothelin in the angiotensin II-endothelin-protein synthesis cascade.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Beaucage, P., Iglarz, M., Servant, M., Touyz, R.M., and Moreau, P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Hypertension
ISSN:0263-6352
ISSN (Online):1473-5598

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