p47phox associates with the cytoskeleton through cortactin in human vascular smooth muscle cells: role in NAD(P)H oxidase regulation by Angiotensin II

Touyz, R.M. , Yao, G., Quinn, M.T., Pagano, P.J. and Schriffin, E.L. (2005) p47phox associates with the cytoskeleton through cortactin in human vascular smooth muscle cells: role in NAD(P)H oxidase regulation by Angiotensin II. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 25(3), pp. 512-518. (doi: 10.1161/01.ATV.0000154141.66879.98)

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Abstract

<b>Objective—</b> We tested the hypothesis that p47phox associates with the actin cytoskeleton, enabling site-directed activation of NAD(P)H oxidase, and assessed whether these actions influence reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and signaling by angiotensin II (Ang II) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from human resistance and coronary arteries.<p></p> <b>Methods and Results—</b> Electroporation of anti-p47phox antibody into VSMCs abrogated Ang II-mediated OGraphic2 generation, establishing the requirement for p47phox in this response. Immunfluorescence confocal microscopy demonstrated a cytosolic distribution of p47phox in basal conditions. After Ang II stimulation, p47phox rearranged in a linear fashion, colocalizing with F-actin. Co-immunoprecipitation studies confirmed an association between p47phox and actin and demonstrated an interaction with the actin-binding protein cortactin. Cytoskeletal disruption with cytochalasin prevented p47phox:actin interaction and attenuated ROS formation and p38MAP kinase and Akt phosphorylation by Ang II. Intracellular ROS generation in response to LY83583 (OGraphic2 generator) or exogenous H2O2 and Ang II-induced ERK1/2 activation were unaltered by cytochalasin.<p></p> <b>Conclusions—</b> The p47phox:actin interaction, through cortactin, plays an important role in Ang II-mediated site-directed assembly of functionally active NAD(P)H oxidase, ROS generation, and activation of redox-sensitive p38MAP kinase and Akt, but not ERK1/2. These findings demonstrate the importance of an intact actin-cytoskeleton in NAD(P)H oxidase regulation and redox signaling by Ang II in human VSMCs.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Touyz, R.M., Yao, G., Quinn, M.T., Pagano, P.J., and Schriffin, E.L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Publisher:American Heart Association
ISSN:1079-5642
ISSN (Online):1524-4636
Published Online:23 December 2004

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