c-Src-dependent nongenomic signaling responses to aldosterone are increased in vascular myocytes from spontaneously hypertensive rats

Callera, G. E., Montezano, A.C., Alvaro, Y., Tostes, R.C., He, Y., Schriffin, E. and Touyz, R.M. (2005) c-Src-dependent nongenomic signaling responses to aldosterone are increased in vascular myocytes from spontaneously hypertensive rats. Hypertension, 46(4), pp. 1032-1038. (doi:10.1161/01.HYP.0000176588.51027.35)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.HYP.0000176588.51027.35

Abstract

Aldosterone plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension. We previously demonstrated that nongenomic signaling by aldosterone in vascular smooth muscle cells occurs through c-Src–dependent pathways. Here we tested the hypothesis that upregulation of c-Src by aldosterone plays a role in increased mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activation, [3H]-proline incorporation, and NADPH-driven generation of reactive oxygen species, thereby inducing cell growth, collagen production, and inflammation, respectively, in vascular smooth muscle cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats. The time course of c-Src phosphorylation by aldosterone was shifted to the left in vascular myocytes from hypertensive animals. Aldosterone rapidly increased phosphorylation of p38 MAP kinase and extracellular signal–regulated kinase with significantly greater effects in cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats versus control cells (P<0.05). Aldosterone increased NADPH oxidase activity with significantly greater responses in vascular smooth muscle cells from hypertensive animals (P<0.05). These events were associated with enhanced [3H]proline incorporation (index of collagen synthesis) in cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats (P<0.05). The NADPH oxidase activity increase, collagen synthesis, c-Src, and MAP kinase phosphorylation induced by aldosterone were significantly reduced by eplerenone (selective mineralocorticoid receptor blocker) and PP2 (selective c-Src inhibitor). In conclusion, nongenomic signaling by exogenous aldosterone, mediated through c-Src, is increased in vascular smooth muscle cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats. Upregulation of c-Src signaling may be important in the profibrotic and proinflammatory actions of aldosterone in this genetic model of hypertension.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Montezano, Dr Augusto and Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Callera, G. E., Montezano, A.C., Alvaro, Y., Tostes, R.C., He, Y., Schriffin, E., and Touyz, R.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Hypertension
ISSN:0194-911X
ISSN (Online):1524-4563
Published Online:12 September 2005

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