Differential regulation of transient receptor potential melastatin 6 and 7 cation channels by ANG II in vascular smooth muscle cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats

Touyz, R.M. , He, Y., Montezano, A.C., Yao, G., Chubanov, V., Gudermann, T. and Callera, G.E. (2006) Differential regulation of transient receptor potential melastatin 6 and 7 cation channels by ANG II in vascular smooth muscle cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats. American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 290(1), R73-R78. (doi:10.1152/ajpregu.00515.2005)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00515.2005

Abstract

Intracellular Mg2+ depletion has been implicated in vascular dysfunction in hypertension. We demonstrated that transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) cation channels mediate Mg2+ influx in VSMCs. Whether this plays a role in [Mg2+]i deficiency in hypertension is unclear. Here, we tested the hypothesis that downregulation of TRPM7 and its homologue TRPM6 is associated with reduced [Mg2+]i and that ANG II negatively regulates TRPM6/7 in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Cultured VSMCs from Wistar Kyoto (WKY) and SHR were studied. mRNA and protein expression of TRPM6 and TRPM7 were assessed by RT-PCR and immunoblotting, respectively. Translocation of annexin-1, specific TRPM7 substrate, was measured as an index of TRPM7 activation. [Mg2+]i was determined using mag fura-2. VSMCs from WKY and SHR express TRPM6 and TRPM7. Basal TRPM6 expression was similar in WKY and SHR, but basal TRPM7 content was lower in VSMCs from SHR vs. WKY. This was associated with significantly reduced [Mg2+]i in SHR cells (P < 0.01). ANG II time-dependently increased TRPM6 expression, with similar responses in WKY and SHR. ANG II significantly increased TRPM7 expression in WKY (P < 0.05), but not in SHR. Annexin-1 translocation was reduced 1.5–2-fold in SHR vs. WKY. Our findings demonstrate that TRPM6 and TRPM7 are differentially regulated in VSMCs from SHR and WKY. Whereas TRPM6 is unaltered in SHR, expression of TRPM7 is blunted. This was associated with attenuated annexin-1 translocation and decreased VSMC [Mg2+]i in SHR. Downregulation of TRPM7, but not TRPM6, may play a role in altered Mg2+ homeostasis in VSMCs from SHR.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Montezano, Dr Augusto and Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Touyz, R.M., He, Y., Montezano, A.C., Yao, G., Chubanov, V., Gudermann, T., and Callera, G.E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Publisher:American Physiological Society
ISSN:0363-6119
ISSN (Online):1522-1490
Published Online:18 August 2005

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