Resistance artery remodeling in deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt hypertension is dependent on vascular inflammation: evidence from m-CSF-deficient mice

Ko, E.A., Amiri, F., Pandey, N.R., Javeshghani, D., Leibovitz, E., Touyz, R.M. and Schiffrin, E.L. (2006) Resistance artery remodeling in deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt hypertension is dependent on vascular inflammation: evidence from m-CSF-deficient mice. American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 292(4), H1789-H1795. (doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.01118.2006)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.01118.2006

Abstract

Deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertension has an important endothelin-1 (ET-1)-dependent component. ET-1-induced vascular damage may be mediated in part by oxidative stress and vascular inflammation. Homozygous osteopetrotic (Op/Op) mice, deficient in macrophage colony-stimulating factor (m-CSF), exhibit reduced inflammation. We investigated in osteopetrotic (Op/Op) mice the effects of DOCA-salt hypertension on vascular structure, function, and oxidative stress, the latter as manifested by reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate [NAD(P)H] oxidase activity. Mice were implanted with DOCA (200 mg/mouse, under 5% isofluorane anesthesia) and given saline for 14 days. Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) was significantly increased (146 ± 2 and 138 ± 1; P < 0.001 vs. basal 115 ± 3 and 115 ± 3, respectively) by DOCA-salt in wild-type (+/+) and heterozygous (Op/+) mice, but not in Op/Op mice (130 ± 1 vs. basal 125 ± 3). Norepinephrine contractile response was significantly enhanced, while acetylcholine endothelium-dependent vasodilation was significantly impaired in DOCA-salt-treated +/+ and Op/+ mice compared with control mice. No changes in norepinephrine-induced contraction and acetylcholine-induced relaxation were observed in DOCA-salt Op/Op mice. DOCA-salt +/+ and Op/+ mice had significantly increased mesenteric resistance artery media-to-lumen ratio and media cross-sectional area, neither of which were altered in Op/Op mice. Basal vascular superoxide production and NAD(P)H oxidase activity, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression, and macrophage infiltration were significantly increased only in DOCA-salt +/+ mice. Thus m-CSF-deficient mice developed less endothelial dysfunction, vascular remodeling, and oxidative stress induced by DOCA-salt than +/+ and Op/+ mice, suggesting that inflammation may play a role in DOCA-salt hypertension, a model that results in part from effects of ET-1, which has proinflammatory actions.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Ko, E.A., Amiri, F., Pandey, N.R., Javeshghani, D., Leibovitz, E., Touyz, R.M., and Schiffrin, E.L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Journal Abbr.:AJP: Heart and circulatory physiology
ISSN:0363-6135
ISSN (Online):1522-1539
Published Online:01 December 2006

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record