Angiotensin-(1-7) activates a tyrosine phosphatase and inhibits glucose-induced signalling in proximal tubular cells

Gava, E., Samad-Zadeh, A., Zimpelmann, J., Bahramifarid, N., Kitten, G.T., Santos, R.A., Touyz, R.M. and Burns, K.D. (2009) Angiotensin-(1-7) activates a tyrosine phosphatase and inhibits glucose-induced signalling in proximal tubular cells. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 24(6), pp. 1766-1773. (doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfn736)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfn736

Abstract

<b>Background.</b> In the diabetic kidney, stimulation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) leads to extracellular matrix protein synthesis. In the proximal tubule, angiotensin-(1–7) [Ang-(1–7)] blocks activation of MAPKs by angiotensin II. We studied the effect of Ang-(1–7) on signalling responses in LLC-PK1 cells in normal (5 mM) or high (25 mM) glucose.<p></p> <b>Methods.</b> The p38 MAPK was assayed by immunoblot, Src homology 2-containing protein-tyrosine phosphatase-1 (SHP-1) activity was measured after immunoprecipitation, cell protein synthesis was determined by [3H]-leucine incorporation and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), fibronectin and collagen IV were assayed by immunoblots and/or ELISA.<p></p> <b>Results.</b> High glucose stimulated p38 MAPK. This response was inhibited by Ang-(1–7) in a concentration-dependent fashion, an effect reversed by the receptor Mas antagonist A-779. Ang-(1–7) increased SHP-1 activity, via the receptor Mas. An inhibitor of tyrosine phosphatase, phenylarsine oxide, reversed the inhibitory effect of Ang-(1–7) on high glucose-stimulated p38 MAPK. Ang-(1–7) inhibited high glucose-stimulated protein synthesis, and blocked the stimulatory effect of glucose on TGF-β1. Conversely, Ang-(1–7) had no effect on glucose-stimulated synthesis of fibronectin or collagen IV.<p></p> <b>Conclusions.</b> These data indicate that in proximal tubular cells, binding of Ang-(1–7) to the receptor Mas stimulates SHP-1, associated with the inhibition of glucose-stimulated p38 MAPK. Ang-(1–7) selectively inhibits glucose-stimulated protein synthesis and TGF-β1. In diabetic nephropathy, Ang-(1–7) may partly counteract the profibrotic effects of high glucose.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Gava, E., Samad-Zadeh, A., Zimpelmann, J., Bahramifarid, N., Kitten, G.T., Santos, R.A., Touyz, R.M., and Burns, K.D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Journal Abbr.:Nephrol. Dial. Transplant.
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0931-0509
ISSN (Online):1460-2385
Published Online:14 January 2009

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