Endothelial cells negatively modulate reactive oxygen species generation in vascular smooth muscle cells: role of Thioredoxin

Xu, S., He, Y., Vokurkova, M. and Touyz, R.M. (2009) Endothelial cells negatively modulate reactive oxygen species generation in vascular smooth muscle cells: role of Thioredoxin. Hypertension, 54(2), pp. 427-433. (doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.109.133983)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.109.133983

Abstract

In intact vessels, endothelial cells (ECs) and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) act as an integrated system, possibly through reactive oxygen species (ROS). Using a coculture system we tested whether ECs modulate VSMC redox status by regulating activity of NAD(P)H oxidase and antioxidants. VSMC production of O2•−, H2O2, and NO was assessed using fluoroprobes and amplex-red. NAD(P)H oxidase subunit expression and oxidase activity were determined by Western blotting and chemiluminescence, respectively. Expression of thioredoxin, SOD, growth signaling pathways (PCNA, p21cip1, CDK4, ERK1/2, p38MAPK) was evaluated by immunoblotting. Thioredoxin activity was assessed by the insulin disulfide reduction assay. In cocultured conditions, VSMC ROS production was reduced by ≈50% without changes in NAD(P)H oxidase expression/activity versus monoculture (P<0.05). This was associated with decreased cell growth (P<0.05). Expression of Cu/Zn SOD and thioredoxin was increased in coculture versus monoculture VSMCs (P<0.01). Pretreatment of ECs with L-NAME (NOS inhibitor), NS-398 (Cox2 inhibitor), and HET0016 (20-HETE inhibitor) did not influence VSMC ROS formation, whereas CDNB, thioredoxin reductase inhibitor, abolished ROS modulating effects of ECs. These findings indicate that in a coculture system recapitulating intact vessels, ECs negatively regulate ROS production in VSMCs through thioredoxin upregulation. Functionally this is associated with growth inhibition. The modulatory actions of ECs are independent of NOS/NO, Cox2, and HETE and do not involve NAD(P)H oxidase. Our data identify novel mechanisms whereby ECs protect against VSMC oxidative stress, a process that may be important in maintaining vascular integrity.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Xu, S., He, Y., Vokurkova, M., and Touyz, R.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Hypertension
ISSN:0194-911X
ISSN (Online):1524-4563
Published Online:29 June 2009

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