Myocardial salvage during primary PCI can be predicted in the cath lab

Payne, A.R., Berry, C. , Doolin, O., McEntegart, M.B., Robb, S.D., Petrie, M.C., Ford, I. and Oldroyd, K. (2011) Myocardial salvage during primary PCI can be predicted in the cath lab. Heart, 97(Sup. 1), A73-A74. (doi:10.1136/heartjnl-2011-300198.129)

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Abstract

Objectives: This study investigated the relationship between the index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) and myocardial salvage as determined by T2-weighted and contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) for ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

Background: IMR is a simple invasive measure of microvascular function available at the time of pPCI. T2-weighted non-contrast CMR can reveal myocardial oedema, and in the post-infarct population this represents the ischaemic area at risk (AAR). Contrast-enhanced CMR delineates the area of myocardial infarction. The volume of myocardium within the AAR, but not contained within the infarct area is salvaged myocardium.

Methods: 108 patients with STEMI underwent invasive coronary physiology measurements during pPCI and had a subsequent CMR scan at a median of 19 h post pPCI. Short axis non-contrast T2-weighted images were acquired and delayed enhancement imaging was performed following administration of intravenous gadolinium (0.1 mmol/kg). AAR was determined and myocardial salvage was calculated as AAR—infarct area.

Results: IMR was 29 (21), AAR 32% (13%) and myocardial salvage 6% (9%)—all mean (SD). Spearman rank correlation between IMR and AAR was 0.27 (p 0.02) and between IMR and salvage was −0.31 (p 0.01). IMR was also a multivariate predictor of AAR (p 0.01) and a negative multivariate predictor of myocardial salvage (p 0.02).

Conclusions: IMR measured acutely correlates with AAR and correlates negatively with myocardial salvage as determined b

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Doolin, Ms Orla and Oldroyd, Dr Keith and Ford, Professor Ian and Berry, Professor Colin
Authors: Payne, A.R., Berry, C., Doolin, O., McEntegart, M.B., Robb, S.D., Petrie, M.C., Ford, I., and Oldroyd, K.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Heart
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:1355-6037

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