Left ventricular systolic and diastolic function, remodelling, and clinical outcomes among patients with diabetes following myocardial infarction and the influence of direct renin inhibition with aliskiren

Shah, A.M. et al. (2012) Left ventricular systolic and diastolic function, remodelling, and clinical outcomes among patients with diabetes following myocardial infarction and the influence of direct renin inhibition with aliskiren. European Journal of Heart Failure, 14(2), pp. 185-192. (doi:10.1093/eurjhf/hfr125)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurjhf/hfr125

Abstract

AIMS: We assessed the relationship between diabetes and cardiac structure and function following myocardial infarction (MI) and whether diabetes influences the effect of direct renin inhibition on change in left ventricular (LV) size.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The ASPIRE trial enrolled 820 patients 2-8 weeks after MI with ejection fraction ≤ 45% and randomized them to the direct renin inhibitor aliskiren (n= 423) or placebo (n = 397) added to standard medical therapy. Echocardiography was performed at baseline and after 36 weeks in 672 patients with evaluable paired studies. Compared with non-diabetic patients, diabetic patients (n = 214) were at higher risk for a composite of cardiovascular (CV) death, heart failure hospitalization, recurrent MI, stroke, or aborted sudden death (14 vs. 7%; adjusted hazard ratio 1.63, 95% confidence interval 1.01-2.64, P= 0.045), despite similar left ventricular ejection fraction (37.9 ± 5.3 vs. 37.6 ± 5.2%, P= 0.48) and end-systolic volume (ESV) (84 ± 25 vs. 82 ± 28 mL, P= 0.46). Diabetic patients demonstrated greater concentric remodelling (relative wall thickness 0.38 ± 0.07 vs. 0.36 ± 0.07, P= 0.0002) and evidence of higher LV filling pressure (E/E' 11.1 ± 5.3 vs. 9.1 ± 4.3, P= 0.0011). At 36 weeks, diabetic patients experienced similar per cent reduction in ESV overall (-4.9 ± 17.9 vs. -5.5 ± 16.9, P= 0.67) but tended to experience greater reduction in ESV than non-diabetic patients when treated with aliskiren (interaction P = 0.08).

CONCLUSIONS: Compared with non-diabetic patients, diabetic patients are at increased risk of CV events post-MI despite no greater LV enlargement or reduction in systolic function. Diabetic patients demonstrate greater concentric remodelling and evidence of higher LV filling pressure, suggesting diastolic dysfunction as a potential mechanism for the higher risk observed among these patients.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McMurray, Professor John
Authors: Shah, A.M., Shin, S.H., Takeuchi, M., Skali, H., Desai, A.S., Kober, L., Maggioni, A.P., Rouleau, J.L., Kelly, R.Y., Hester, A., Keefe, D., McMurray, J.J.V., Pfeffer, M.A., and Solomon, S.D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:European Journal of Heart Failure
ISSN:1388-9842
ISSN (Online):1879-0844
Published Online:29 September 2011

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